[STT45-P02] Mitigation of atmospheric delay in InSAR for fair estimate of crustal deformation at Azumayama volcano
Keywords:Azumayama, crustal deformation, volcano, SAR, numerical weather model
Abe et al. [2017, JpGU] conducted InSAR (Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar) analysis using ALOS2 (Advanced Land Observing Satellite 2)/PALSAR2 (Phased Array L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar-2) data and estimated crustal deformation around Azumayama volcano . However, some of the results showed subsidence at the west of Azumayama which would be due to atmospheric delay and ionospheric delay.
In this study, we attempted to correct atmospheric delay and ionospheric delay in InSAR analysis using three numerical weather models: MSM (MesoScale Model), LFM (Local Forecast model) and WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting). WRF is created by using MSM data to improve resolution of time. Then we tried to estimate the amount of crustal deformation more precisely from 2014 fall to 2017 fall after applying atmospheric correction. Eight of the ALOS2/PALSAR2 data were used for the InSAR analysis. We evaluated the InSAR results after performing each atmospheric correction based on each numerical model and compare them quantitatively and select suitable weather model among the three.
Artifacts and false fringe in InSAR results seem to be reduced. Comparing InSAR analysis results with the value of GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) analysis at ground stations, correction by LFM and WRF showed similar trend better than that by MSM. Numerical weather models with higher resolutions seem effective in correcting atmospheric delay in InSAR. Uplift and subsidence at the Oana crater and subsidence in the western part of Azumayama were detected during 2014 fall - 2015 summer and 2015 summer - 2015 fall, respectively, which reflect actual deformation.