Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

H (Human Geosciences ) » H-CG Complex & General

[H-CG30] Safety of nuclear power plants against inland earthquakes

Sun. May 26, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 104 (1F)

convener:Daisuke Suetsugu(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Satoshi Kaneshima(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University), Takeshi Sagiya(Disaster Mitigation Research Center, Nagoya University), Kohta Juraku(Department of Humanities, Social and Health Sciences, School of Engineering, Tokyo Denki University), Chairperson:Daisuke Suetsugu, Kohta Juraku

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[HCG30-01] Thickness of the seismogenic layer beneath the Japanese Islands and its relation to crustal earthquakes

*Junichi Nakajima1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:Earthquake, seismogenic layer

The thickness of the seismogenic layer is one of the fundamental parameters for earthquake hazard analysis. Large earthquakes often rupture the entire brittle seismogenic layer, and so the thickness of the seismogenic layer is a primary control on the size of earthquakes. Omuralieva et al. (2012) estimated the cut-off depth (D90) of crustal seismicity beneath Japan using a high-quality seismic catalogue of the Japan Meteorological Agency. D90 is defined as the depth above which 90% of the earthquakes occur. The obtained D90 shows a considerable lateral variation, ranging from ~5 km to ~40 km. The D90 is deep along the Pacific coast of eastern Japan, while it is locally shallow around volcanic areas. These lateral variations in D90 are inversely correlated to values of surface heat flow. In this talk, I summarize the recent result of D90 in Japan and discuss the relation among D90, thermal structure, and the size of crustal earthquakes.