Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

H (Human Geosciences ) » H-CG Complex & General

[H-CG30] Safety of nuclear power plants against inland earthquakes

Sun. May 26, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 104 (1F)

convener:Daisuke Suetsugu(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Satoshi Kaneshima(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University), Takeshi Sagiya(Disaster Mitigation Research Center, Nagoya University), Kohta Juraku(Department of Humanities, Social and Health Sciences, School of Engineering, Tokyo Denki University), Chairperson:Daisuke Suetsugu, Kohta Juraku

4:00 PM - 4:15 PM

[HCG30-03] The longer active fault is, is the larger ground motion generated? – Surface and buried rupture earthquakes-

*Takao Kagawa1 (1.Tottori University Graduate School of Engineering)

Keywords:Active fault, Ground motion, Surface rupture earthquakes, Buried rupture earthquakes

Ground motion characteristics from surface and buried rupture earthquakes are demonstrated. Magnitude of surface rupture earthquake is large and it causes heavy damages in wide area. However, it is considered that ground motions from buried rupture earthquake is larger than those from surface rupture earthquake assuming same magnitude for both types of earthquake.

In case of aseismic design for important facilities, fault rupture scenarios tend to be conservative such as setting a long active fault with large magnitude. The larger magnitude is, the longer predominant period of ground motion from the earthquake is. However, ground motion in short period range that really affects on the target facility does not grow so large. Short period ground motion is affected more by fault distance than magnitude. Unfortunately, it is possible that larger ground motions in short period range are generated from small buried earthquakes than from large surface earthquake. Furthermore, probability of small buried rupture earthquakes are larger than that of large characteristic surface rupture earthquake. It might be an important issue for important facilities located in specific regions.