[HDS11-P05] Identification of turbidites in the Yatsushiro Sea surface sediment core samples from non-destructive measurements: Hakuho-maru KH-18-3 Cruise, Yatsushiro Sea, Western Kyushu, Japan
Keywords:submarine landslides, turbidites, shallow sea deposits, Yatsushiro Sea, 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake
Here we conducted four-days research cruise Hakuho-maru KH-18-3 in July, 2018. We conducted sub-bottom profiling on eight lines, piston coring at 11 sites in Yatsushiro Sea, western Kyushu, Japan. Recovered cores are analyzed by X-ray CT scanner, multi-sensor core logger, core imaging apparatus, visual core description, color spectroscope and X-ray fluorescence core scanner (Itrax) in the Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University. With reference to the previous studies (Iwai et al., 2014, JGS abstract; Isabel Rodríguez-Germade et al, 2015; Okutsu et al., 2017, JGS abstract), the behavior of Ca/Ti and Fe/Ti where the peak was observed at the base of turbidites, and the behavior of Fe/Ti and Zr/Ti where the peak was observed at the base of volcaniclastics turbidites.
Our results revealed turbidites and volcaniclastics turbidites in six piston coring sites (PC01 to PC06). As all of sites are located in the Taura-Tsunagioki fault group or Minamataoki fault group, turbidites were considered to be present in all of sites. However, turbidites were identified from PC01 to PC06, but not identified from PC07 to PC11. According to Rifardi et al. (1998), PC01 to PC06 are located in the sea area where the deposition rate is high, and PC07 to PC11 are located in the sea area where the deposition rate is slow.
As turbidite is formed by various factors besides earthquakes, it is necessary to consider whether the turbidites identified in this study are earthquake turbidites. In addition, to investigate the history of earthquakes, it is also a future task to conduct individual sample measurements (such as grain size distribution analysis) and dating.
Hakuho-maru KH-18-3 Cruise Scientists: Takashi Tomiyasu, Hitoshi Kodamatani, Kuniyo Kawabata, Daiki Oyama, Haruka Kageyama, Kaede Yamasaki (Kagoshima Univ.), Yuta Ikebata, Koki Hori (Kyushu Univ.), Asuka Yamaguchi, Fumiaki Tsunomori, Kameo Katsura, Tsubasa Miki, Natsumi Okutsu, Hiroaki Koge, Kotaro Fujita, Ayaka Nakazawa, Yuichi Okuma, Genki Kobayashi, Rina Fukuchi (Tokyo Univ.), Jun Kameda, Tomonori Morisaki (Hokkaido Univ.)