9:30 AM - 9:45 AM
[HDS13-09] Maximum tsunami height prediction using Ocean-Bottom Pressure Values based on Gaussian Process Regression
Keywords:Gaussian Process, Machine Learning, Disaster prevention, tsunami height prediction
In predicting the tsunami height, it is important both to avoid underestimation for minimizing the damage and to increase accuracy for minimizing the evacuation cost. Takahashi et al.  proposed a method making use of a database of the tsunami height and the observed pressure-gauge-values. While it is good at avoiding underestimation, it puts the prediction accuracy second; its prediction is likely to be highly overestimated. To improve the accuracy, Igarashi et al.  proposed a method based on Gaussian Process regression, but it does not avoid underestimation. In this work, we extend the method by Igarashi et al. , and proposed a prediction method with less underestimation and higher accuracy. We used pressure gauges data from the Dense Ocean-floor Network System for Earthquakes and Tsunamis (DONET) in the Nankai trough to investigate the prediction accuracy and the possibility of underestimation by our proposed method. Compared to the method by Takahashi et al. , our method dropped the average prediction error from 4.44m to 1.61m, at the cost of an increase in the average underestimation rate of only 3.5%. Likewise, compared to the method by Igarashi et al. ,
our method dropped the average underestimation rate from 43.2% to 4.38%, at the cost of an increase in the average prediction error of only 0.84m. These facts prove the effectiveness of our method, which is good at making predictions with both little underestimation and high accuracy.