[HGG02-P02] Social Foundations of Entomophagy and Its Transformation: A Case Study of Ina City, Nagano Prefecture
Keywords:Entomophagy, Food culture
The research revealed that many people have the habit of eating insect at the present in study area. Also, they recognize insect is the local food and Entomophagy is local food culture of Ina. However, Entomophagy is less popular nowadays especially in the young generation. Furthermore, the method for obtaining insect has changed. There are changing tendency of working patterns, aging and decrease of population behind the change of Entomophagy in the study area.
Paying attention to the relationship between Entomophagy and local communities, people concerned about Entomophagy is different by each insect. Many people hunted, cooked and ate insects which can hunt easily on their own self. However, a few people hunt insects, which need skills or specialized tools to hunt, and to share with other residents or to sell wholesale to retail store. Furthermore, the difference of supplier and attribute of subjects, management of insect resource is different by each insects. In summary, it can be said that the way of relationship between Entomophagy and local people is different among each insect. Also the shape of Entomophagy has been changing in various contexts or perspectives as time goes on.
The research revealed that some changes occurred in Entomophagy of Ina.
The changes are about,
1) The amount of insect and insect products which from other cities are increasing.
2) In part of distribution, the role of retail store is getting bigger.
3) The number of people eating insect and the demand of each insect is decreasing.
Furthermore, the changes occurred to the people concerned about Entomophagy. These changes are connecting to the decreasing insects and people who hunt insect.
Today, it can be said that the culture of Entomophagy has been succeeded. But thinking the risk of Entomophagy in Ina region, such as the decrease of demand of insects or the unstainable supply of insect resources from other regions, the solutions to these problems are required. When it comes to attempting these problems, individual plans fitting each insect are needed, because the supply network of them and their stakeholder in the region are different to each other.