Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

H (Human Geosciences ) » H-GM Geomorphology

[H-GM04] Geomorphology

Wed. May 29, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 101 (1F)

convener:Tsuyoshi Hattanji(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Masayuki Seto(Fukushima Future Center for Regional Revitalization, Fukushima University), Chairperson:Masayuki Seto, Hiroshi Shimazu

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[HGM04-09] Numerical modeling of wave propagation on the coral reef based on high resolution 3D topography

*Kenta Minamidate1, Kazuhisa Goto2, Masashi Watanabe3,4, Volker Roeber5,6, Ken Toguchi7, Masami Sannoh8, Yosuke Nakashima9, Hironobu Kan10 (1.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS), Tohoku University, 3.Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, 4.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, 5.Hawaii University, 6.Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, 7.Ryukyu University, 8.Mikuniya Corporation, 9.NIT, Ariake College, 10.Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Global Society, Kyushu University)

Keywords:Wave, Storm wave, Coral reef, Multi-beam survey, UAV, Numerical simulation

Coral reefs commonly act as natural barrier against swell wave impact. Conventionally, reefs efficiently attenuate storm waves. However, recent studies have indicated that during energetic typhoon swells, generation of infragravity waves can lead to hazardous conditions where the reef does not act like a protecting barrier anymore. In order to know the wave behavior near and over the reef, high-resolution 3D topographic data is required for the numerical calculation. However, most of the previous studies result from one- or two-dimensional numerical calculations based on low-resolution topographic data. This is mainly due to the challenging environment for conducting bathymetry/topography surveys in the vicinity of the reef. Hence, it was difficult to discuss the wave processes under the influence of the microtopography. In this study, we developed high resolution and complete set of the 3D topographic data (girid size: 1 m) from land to about 95 m water depth at the east coast of Kudaka Island, Okinawa Prefecture (an area of approximately 3 ×5 km) by UAV topographic and multibeam bathymetric surveys. Based on the terrain data with 5 m mesh size, we conducted two-dimensional wave-by-wave calculations with the Boussinesq-type wave model, BOSZ. The results show that the deformation and propagation mechanisms of the waves near the reef are highly controlled by microtopography features such as the differences in slope angles and the presence of spurs and grooves.