[HQR05-P01] Local marine reservoir age variability at Luzon Strait and Ryukyu Islands during the Holocene
Keywords:U/Th dating, Radiocarbon dating, Local marine reservoir age, Corals
In this study, we measured high-resolution radiocarbon(14C) ages and U/Th dates obtained from fossil corals on Luzon Island in the South China Sea (SCS) and Kikai and Kodakara Islands in Ryukyu Island Chain during the Holocene. A large ΔR variability of ~400 years was recorded at both Luzon Island and the Ryukyu Islands for the last 6000 years. An abrupt ΔR shift occurred between 5.5 ka BP and 4.0 ka BP in the northwest Pacific. Compared with the previously reported data from the Tropical East Pacific and Great Barrier reef, the timing of the shift was different because the 14C content of the northwestern Pacific was affected by not only the intensity of upwelling at the Peru-Chile coast, but also by the East Asian monsoon.
This variability influences the calibration of local marine reservoir effect significantly when calibrating 14C ages to calendar ages. High-resolution 14C dating of marine samples became possible over the years, raising the need and importance of ΔR values to be reconsidered in high-resolution for different time periods.
Hirabayashi et al. (2019) Local marine reservoir age variability at Luzon Strait in the South China Sea during the Holocene, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, in press.