10:15 AM - 10:30 AM
[HTT18-05] Influences of soil dust, sea salt and anthropogenic activities on ionic and Sr isotopic compositions of wet deposition in Iran
Keywords:wet deposition, ionic composition, Sr isotope ratio, West Asia
The wet deposition and rinsed water samples in western and eastern Iran were neutral to slightly alkaline ranging from 6.26 to 9.04 and from 6.71 to 11.08 in pH, respectively. Those in Rezvanshahr were neutral to acidic ranging from 3.88 to 7.48 in pH. The ionic compositions of most precipitation samples were enriched in Ca2+and HCO3-. Although the pH of natural rain in equilibrium state with atmospheric CO2 is typically 5.6, precipitation in western Iran is not acidic because of neutralization by aeolian minerals such as calcite originating from arid areas. The 87Sr/86Sr of samples fell in a narrow range of 0.708±0.001. These values were most likely due to the dissolution of calcite. Small, but detectable seasonal variation was found in the 87Sr/86Sr ratio that suggests different provenances of calcite/gypsum controlled by changing wind direction.
The ionic compositions of several samples were abundant in NO3- and SO42- in Hamedan, Ilam, Shiraz and Mashhad. These samples were collected during dry season and wet season immediately after the dry season. These results suggest that the samples dissolved NO3- and SO42- derived from anthropogenic activities and/or soil dust such as sulfate minerals concentrated in atmosphere during the dry season. The ionic compositions of samples in Ahvaz, Rezvanshahr, Birjand and Zahedan were relatively enriched in Na+ and Cl-. Ahvaz and Rezvanshahr are closer to the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea, respectively. These indicate that the wet deposition samples in Ahvaz and Rezvanshahr are subject to salt from sea and salt lake.