Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

H (Human Geosciences ) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT18] Development and application of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 28, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 302 (3F)

convener:Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Nobuhito Ohte(Department of Social Informatics, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University), Gabriel J Bowen(University of Utah), Chairperson:Gabriel Bowen(The University of Utah)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[HTT18-07] Geochemistry of river water in the Okayama and Tottori Prefectures, Japan

*Katsuyuki Yamashita1, Takahiro Kamei1, Yuga Kishimoto1, Masahiko Mori1, Aya Ooi2, Ayaka Onishi2, Yoko Kurihara2, Hitoshi CHIBA1, Takanori Nakano3, Ki-Cheol Shin4 (1.Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, 2.Faculty of Science, Okayama University, 3.Ono City, 4.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

Keywords:River water, Okayama Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture

In order to evaluate the effect of water-soil (rock) interaction, as well as human impact on the geochemical nature of river water, we have collected 695 river water samples from 454 locations in the Okayama and Tottori Prefectures, Japan. The area is ideal for such study because (1) the geology of the area is well studied, (2) there is a sharp contrast in the amount of precipitation between the southern Okayama and northern Okayama to Tottori, and (3) the population density is highly variable. We have measured the major dissolved components, trace element concentrations, and O-H isotope ratios for all of the samples, along with Sr and S isotope ratios of the selected samples. Using these data, the high-resolution geochemical maps of the two prefectures were constructed.
Both the oxygen and hydrogen isotope ratios display a clear altitude effect. The d-excess, on the other hand, is high in the northern Okayama and Tottori Prefectures (>20), and gradually decreases towards the southern Okayama (5~15). This pattern can be explained by considering the O-H isotopic signatures of the precipitation (e.g Mao 2017), as well as the difference in the amount of precipitation in the two areas.
The concentration of some elements seems to correlate well with the type of rocks exposed in the area. For example, Ca and Sr concentrations are high in the areas where limestones are exposed, whereas Cr and Ni concentrations are generally high in the areas dominated by ultra-mafic rocks. In the Mt. Daisen area of the western Tottori Prefecture where dacitic volcanic rocks are common, the concentration of Si, V, Rb, Cs is high. These observations suggest that the concentration of some elements in the river water is strongly controlled by the geochemistry of rocks exposed in the area. The concentration of some dissolved constituents such as SO4 and NO3, on the other hand, seem to correlate well with the population density. This may imply that human activity (industrial and agricultural) is responsible for the elevation of SO4 and NO3 concentrations in the river water.