Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

H (Human Geosciences ) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT18] Development and application of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 28, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 302 (3F)

convener:Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Nobuhito Ohte(Department of Social Informatics, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University), Gabriel J Bowen(University of Utah), Chairperson:Gabriel Bowen(The University of Utah)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[HTT18-08] Study on groundwater flow system at Oshino Village in Yamanashi Prefecture – Report 5. Estimation of the residence time in spring water and groundwater at Oshino Village.

*Shiho Yabusaki1, Makoto Taniguchi1, Ichiro Tayasu1, Tomoya Akimichi1, Noboru Ohomori2, Ken Gotou2, Souichirou Watanabe2, Hitoshi Watanabe2 (1.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 2.Oshino Village)

Keywords:Oshino Village, groundwater, water quality, stable isotopes, groundwater flow, residence time

Oshino Village is located in southern part of Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. The elevation is 936 m a.s.l. and the area of village is about 8 km from east to west and about 4 km from north to south. The Oshino Hakkai springs that is registered as World Cultural Heritage Site are located in Oshino Village. It is suggested that the Oshino Hakkai springs are recharged at Mt. Fuji as a result of field observation. The objective in this study to clarify the detailed groundwater flow and residence time of spring water and groundwater in Oshino Village. In this presentation, the authors will report about average residence time of groundwater and spring water.

The water samples for estimating the residence time by using the CFCs and SF6 have been collected at 2 spring water sites, 1 shallow groundwater site and 11 deep groundwater sites. For 3H analysis, water samples have been collected at 4 spring water sites and 4 deep groundwater sites. In this study, “shallow groundwater” is defined as several meters to some dozen meters depth, and “deep groundwater” is defined as about 100 m to 400 m depth.

As a result of analysis, the average residence time of spring water is about 10 to 26 years, shallow groundwater is about 30 to 40 years and deep groundwater is about 40 to 60 years. In addition, it is estimated that the average residence time of spring water which show the specific water quality (Na-SO4 type, δ18O and δD is relatively low) is more than 70 years. We will consider the relation between average residence time and water quality/ stable isotopes in future.

The continuous observation of water temperature and EC at 2 sites of Oshino Hakkai has been implemented since August, 2018. We will continue the field observation of Oshino village at 2019, and estimate the groundwater flow system and residence time more clearly.