11:45 AM - 12:00 PM
[HTT18-10] Dynamics of sulfate and nitrate inferred from stable isotope techniques in Chikusa river watershed, Hyogo Prefecture
Keywords:sulfate, nitrate, sulfur stable isotope, nitrogen isotope, oxygen stable isotope, Chikusa River watershed in Hyogo
Water samples were collected from headwaters to the river mouth in August (2015, 2016, and 2017) and in February (2018), and measured ion concentrations, sulfur (δ34S) and oxygen (δ18O) stable isotope ratios of sulfate, and nitrogen (δ15N) and oxygen (δ18O) stable isotope ratios of nitrate.
Sulfate concentration was lower upstream and higher downstream in all periods, and the nearest point to the river mouth showed topically high concentration (1156 mgl-1). The δ34S and δ18O values of sulfate suggested that the sulfate was mainly derived from soil sulfate, and the sulfate near the river mouth was derived from the seawater. In contrast, nitrate concentration was higher upstream and lower downstream in August, however the trend reversed in February. The δ15N and δ18O values of nitrate imply that the contribution of primary production and/or denitrification in water caused the reversed trend of nitrate concentration. The spatial distribution of δ15N of nitrate showed a significant correlation with the proportion of fertilized land use (paddy field, farmland, and golf course) in all periods, suggesting an influence of fertilization.