Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

H (Human Geosciences ) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT18] Development and application of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 28, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 302 (3F)

convener:Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Nobuhito Ohte(Department of Social Informatics, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University), Gabriel J Bowen(University of Utah), Chairperson:Gabriel Bowen(The University of Utah)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[HTT18-10] Dynamics of sulfate and nitrate inferred from stable isotope techniques in Chikusa river watershed, Hyogo Prefecture

*Lei Fujiyoshi1, Ichiro Tayasu1, Shiho Yabusaki1, Takashi F Haraguchi1, Chikage Yoshimizu1, Ken'ichi Ohkushi2, Fumiko Furukawa2, Masayuki Itoh2, Yudai Yamamoto3, Tadashi Yokoyama4, Hiromune Mitsuhashi5 (1.The Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 2.Kobe University, 3.Nagoya University, 4.Hyogo prefectural Ako School for Students with Special Needs, 5.University of Hyogo)

Keywords:sulfate, nitrate, sulfur stable isotope, nitrogen isotope, oxygen stable isotope, Chikusa River watershed in Hyogo

The Chikusa river watershed is located in the southwestern part of Hyogo prefecture. Recent river improvement in the watershed has posed concerns about changes in water quality and river ecosystem. This study aims to clarify the dynamics of dissolved ions especially sulfate and nitrate using stable isotope techniques, and to contribute to the evaluation of water environment in the watershed.

Water samples were collected from headwaters to the river mouth in August (2015, 2016, and 2017) and in February (2018), and measured ion concentrations, sulfur (δ34S) and oxygen (δ18O) stable isotope ratios of sulfate, and nitrogen (δ15N) and oxygen (δ18O) stable isotope ratios of nitrate.

Sulfate concentration was lower upstream and higher downstream in all periods, and the nearest point to the river mouth showed topically high concentration (1156 mgl-1). The δ34S and δ18O values of sulfate suggested that the sulfate was mainly derived from soil sulfate, and the sulfate near the river mouth was derived from the seawater. In contrast, nitrate concentration was higher upstream and lower downstream in August, however the trend reversed in February. The δ15N and δ18O values of nitrate imply that the contribution of primary production and/or denitrification in water caused the reversed trend of nitrate concentration. The spatial distribution of δ15N of nitrate showed a significant correlation with the proportion of fertilized land use (paddy field, farmland, and golf course) in all periods, suggesting an influence of fertilization.