2:00 PM - 2:15 PM
[HTT18-13] Spatial distribution of nitrogen stable isotope ratio in deer feces in an agro-environment, Osaka
Keywords:wildlife control, spatial analysis, biologging
Deer feces were collected in 80 forested sites in the northern part of Osaka prefecture in the 2014 to 2015 winter period. The fecal samples, which were dried at 60℃, ground, and homogenized for each of the fecal mass, were used for δ15N measurements. Based on GPS telemetry of sika deer in the region (Ishizuka et al., 2007), we assumed that short-time moving range of sika deer is around 500 m in radius and the accessibility of crops for the deer is reflected by surrounding land use within the distance from sampling points. Land use surrounding sampling points were categorized into four components; forest, crop field, herbal vegetation, residential area and area of each component were calculated. Land use data are obtained from MoE National Surveys on the Natural Environment and area (m2) of the surrounding sampling points. We conducted Spatial AutoRegressive model (SAR) and PCNM-RDA analyses to analyze the effects of surrounding areas of these landscape components on the fecal δ15N values and concentrations of nitrogen in the feces.
The surrounding area of crop field was selected as a single variable to explain the fecal δ15N values, and the positive correlation between the fecal δ15N values and crop field area indicated the availability of crop to deer was a factor of the increase in the fecal δ15N values. Based on the result, this study supported our hypothesis that fecal δ15N values are an effective indicator of crop consumption by sika deer. In our presentation, we will further discuss about the relationships among concentration of nitrogen in the feces, which is known as an indicator of nutritional status of the defecated individual, estimated deer population density, and land use to elucidate factors inducing crop consuming behavior of sika deer.