Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-AG Applied Geosciences

[M-AG41] Dynamics of radionuclides emitted from Fukuchima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in the environment

Sun. May 26, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 302 (3F)

convener:Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Kazuyuki Kita(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Yuichi Onda(Center for Research on Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba), Daisuke Tsumune(Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry), Chairperson:Kazuyuki Kita(Ibaraki University), Daisuke Tsumune(Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry)

4:45 PM - 5:00 PM

[MAG41-12] Temporal and spatial variations of radiocaesium in the East China Sea and Sea of Japan until 2018

*Michio Aoyama1, Yayoi Inomata2, Yasunori Hamajima2 (1.Institute of Environmnetal Radioactivity, Fukushima University, 2.Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University)

Keywords:Radiocaesium, Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, Sea of Japan, East China Sea

The temporal and spatial variations of radiocaesium activity concentrations in the Sea of Japan (SOJ) and the East China Sea were investigated. We also investigated transport process from the North Pacific Ocean to the SOJ through the East China Sea (ECS) during 2012–2018. Since 2012, increase of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant derived 137Cs activity concentrations were observed in the East China Sea (ECS) and Sea of Japan (SOJ) and reached maxima in 2014/2015 in the ECS and in 2015/2016 in the SOJ. In the ECS, the FNPP1-137Cs activity concentrations tend to decrease after 2016. In 2017 and 2018, decreasing trend of FNPP1-137Cs activity concentrations were also found in the SOJ. The propagation of Fukushima-derived radiocaesium in surface seawater from the ECS into the SOJ required approximately one year. The maximum FNPP1-137Cs activity concentration at each monitoring station was 0.9-1.4 Bqm-3, which contribute to about 40-49% increase against those to the 137Cs activity concentration derived from the global fallout. It appeared that 134Cs/137Cs activity ratios indicated that part of the FNPP1-derived 137Cs and 134Cs was transported with 4-5 years-time scale to the ECS and then to the SOJ via Subtropical Mode Water from the North Pacific southern part of Japan (Inomata et al., 2018). In the ECS, clear meridional distribution of radiocaesium was observed in 2018. 137Cs activity concentrations was low at Yonaguni and Ishigaki, south of ECS and high at west of Kyushu, north of ECS.