Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-AG Applied Geosciences

[M-AG41] Dynamics of radionuclides emitted from Fukuchima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in the environment

Sun. May 26, 2019 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Kazuyuki Kita(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Yuichi Onda(Center for Research on Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba), Daisuke Tsumune(Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry)

[MAG41-P02] Atmospheric re-emission of radio-cesium with bioaerosols and trial for estimateing their emission flux

★Invited Papers

*Kazuyuki Kita1, Naho Hayashi1, Koutaro Minami1, Mao Kimura1, Yasuhito Igarashi1,7, Kouji Adachi2, Teruya Maki3, Atsuyuki Sorimachi4, Ishizuka Masahide5, Jun Furukawa6, Kazuhiko Ninomiya8, Atsushi Shinohara8, Olivier Masson9 (1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Ibaraki University, 2.Meteorological Research Laboratory, 3.Kanazakwa University, 4.Fukushima Medical Univeristy, 5.Kagawa University, 6.Tsukuba University, 7.Kyoto University, 8.Osaka University, 9.IRSN)

Keywords:Radiocesium, atmospheric reemission, bioaerosol

Radionuclides emitted in the Fukushima dai-ichi nuclear power plant (FNDPP) accident in March 2011 have been deposited on the soil, ocean and vegetation. Re-suspension of radioactive cesium from the soil and vegetation to the atmosphere may be one of significant path in the diffusion of radionuclides after the accident.

We have measured the concentration of atmospheric Cs-134/137 radioactivity at Namie, Fukushima, where deposition amount of Cs-134/137 is relatively high. Atmospheric suspended particles have been collected on a sheet of quartz fiber filter with high-volume air samplers mounted at a playground site and forest site, and gamma-ray emission from them were measured with Ge detector to obtain the atmospheric activity concentration of Cs-134/137. A small part of each filter was used to measure chemical composition and microscope particle observation. To estimate emission flux, altitude difference of Cs activity concentration and bioaerosol concentration were measued using 6m height tower. By equiping ultrasonic anemometer, REA flux measurement of bioaerosols has been also tried.

The atmospheric Cs radioactivity concentration increased from late May to September, summer and autumn. It was higher in the forest than that at the playground in these season. The measured concentration of atmospheric Cs-134/137 was positively correlated with amount of carbonatious particles in these seasons. Bioaerosol sampling and analyses showed that major coarse particles in these seasons were spores of fungi and stain. We counted the spores collected on the sample filters to evaluate their number density, and found the number density was positively correlated with the atmospheric Cs radioactivity concentration. We collected fungi at Namie to sample its spores. About half of Cs-137 in the spores was removed by pure water, being consistent with similar experiment for the atmospheric particle samples. These results indicated that spore emission from fungi significantly contributes to the resuspension of radioactive Cs to the atmosphere in summer and autumn. Results of flux measurement will be shown.