Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-GI General Geosciences, Information Geosciences & Simulations

[M-GI33] Data-driven geosciences

Mon. May 27, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A08 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Tatsu Kuwatani(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hiromichi Nagao(Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Kenta Ueki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Masayuki Kano(Graduate school of science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Kenta Ueki, Masayuki Kano(東北大学 大学院理学研究科 地球物理学専攻)

12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

[MGI33-05] Geochemical characterization of deep-sea sediments in the western North Pacific Ocean by an integrated multivariate statistical technique

*Kazutaka Yasukawa1,2, Kentaro Nakamura1, Koichiro Fujinaga2,1, Hikaru Iwamori3,4, Yasuhiro Kato1,2 (1.School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2.Ocean Resources Research Center for Next Generation, Chiba Institute of Technology, 3.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 4.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:deep-sea sediment, multivariate analysis, independent component analysis, k-means cluster analysis, REY-rich mud, bulk chemical composition

Recently, deep-sea sediments highly enriched in rare-earth elements and yttrium (REY) were discovered within the Japanese exclusive economic zone (EEZ) surrounding Minamitorishima Island [1]. To clarify the distribution of the “extremely REY-rich mud”, eight research cruises (KR13-02, MR13-E02, KR14-02, MR14-E02, MR15-E01 Leg2, MR15-02, MR16-07, and KM17-14C) have collected 71 sediment core samples in total from 2013 to 2018. Now we have constructed a comprehensive dataset of major- and trace-element contents of 1,646 samples by X-ray fluorescence and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry analyses [1-8].

Here, in order to depict geochemical features of the deep-sea sediments including the extremely REY-rich mud, we applied an integrated method of k-means cluster analysis (KCA) and independent component analysis (ICA) [9] to the huge (1,646 samples x 41 elements) dataset of the deep-sea sediments in and out of the Minamitorishima EEZ. We demonstrate that the data clusters are distributed not randomly but systematically in the real space; the clusters are vertically aligned from the seafloor to depth in a specific order and thus constitute stratigraphic units defined by geochemical features. In addition, the downhole variation of an extracted independent component (IC) shows a stepwise transition across the extremely REY-enriched layer. This transition is ubiquitous in the studied area of several-hundred-kilometer wide. The geochemical clusters just below the IC transition are variable among the cores, which implies that the IC transition corresponds to an unconformity in the sediment column probably due to erosion [5, 6]. These characteristics of the spatial distributions of the geochemical clusters and ICs support a hypothesis previously proposed by Ohta et al. [10]: an enhanced bottom current caused a physical separation of sedimentary particles, or a winnowing effect, and contributed to form the extremely REY-enriched layer by a selective deposition of relatively coarse and dense grains of biogenic Ca-phosphate that significantly accumulate REY from ambient seawater.

[1] Iijima, K. et al., Geochemical Journal 50, 557-573 (2016). [2] Fujinaga, K. et al., Geochemical Journal 50, 575-590 (2016). [3] Takaya, Y. et al. Scientific Reports 8, 5763 (2018). [4] Yasukawa, K. et al., Ore Geology Reviews 102, 260-267 (2018). [5] Yasukawa, K. et al., under review. [6] Tanaka, E. et al., under review. [7] Fujinaga, K. et al., JpGU2018 SCG61-04. [8] Fujinaga, K. et al., JpGU2019. [9] Iwamori, H. et al., Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 18, 994-1012 (2017). [10] Ohta, J. et al., Geochemical Journal 50, 591-603 (2016).