Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS02] Drilling Earth Science

Mon. May 27, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A07 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS)), Yumiko Harigane(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)), Azumi Kuroyanagi(Tohoku University Museum, The Center for Academic Resources and Archives, Tohoku University), Kosei E. Yamaguchi(Toho University and NASA Astrobiology Institute), Chairperson:Azumi Kuroyanagi(Tohoku University), Kan Hsiung(JAMSTEC)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[MIS02-03] Abundant ferromanganese microparticles in oxic pelagic sediments (IODP Exp. 329)

*Go-Ichiro Uramoto1,2, Yuki Morono2, Naotaka Tomioka2, Shigeyuki Wakaki2, Ryoichi Nakada2, Rota Wagai3, Kentaro Uesugi4, Akihisa Takeuchi4, Masato Hoshino4, Yoshio Suzuki4,5, Satoshi Mitsunobu6, Fumito Shiraishi7, Hiroki Suga5, Yasuo Takeichi8, Yoshio Takahashi5, Fumio Inagaki2 (1.Kochi University, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, 4.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 5.University of Tokyo, 6.Ehime University, 7.Hiroshima University, 8.High Energy Accelerator Research Organization)

Keywords:Mn-microparticle, oxic pelagic clay, IODP Exp. 329

Manganese is the third most abundant metallic element, after iron and titanium, in the Earth’s crust, and ferromanganese minerals are sensitive to changes in redox condition. Assessing the formation and preservation of ferromanganese minerals is important for understanding the global marine cycles of manganese and numerous associated trace elements. The most extensive manganese mineral deposits occur on abyssal plains, including those below open-ocean gyres. However, the extent of ferromanganese minerals buried in subseafloor sediments remains unclear. During the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 329, we drilled the entire sedimentary sequence at 6 sites in the ultra-oligotrophic region of the South Pacific Gyre (SPG), where dissolved O2 and aerobic microbial communities are present from the seafloor to the sediment-basement interface [1]. By using high-resolution imaging techniques, we found abundant (108-109 particles cm-3) micrometer-scale ferromanganese mineral particles (Mn-microparticles) in the oxic pelagic clays of the South Pacific Gyre [2]. Furthermore, we established microparticle separation technique by the combined use of density concentration and flowcytometer/particles sorting techniques. Major and trace element compositional analyses revealed that iron and manganese were the major components of Mn-microparticles, while they also contained rare-earth elements. From the number of Mn-microparticles per unit volume of sediment and the global distribution of oxic pelagic clays, we estimated the number of Mn-microparticles to be 1.5-8.8 × 1028 particles, which accounted for 1.28-7.62 Tt of manganese. This estimate is at least 2 orders of magnitude larger than the manganese budget for manganese nodules and manganese crusts on the seafloor. Along with the examination of manganese input, formation, and preservation, this study provides new insights into the global budget of metallic elements in the abundant Mn-microparticles present in deep subseafloor environments.
[1] D’Hondt, S., Inagaki, F., Zarikian, C. A., Abrams, L. J., Dubois, N., Engelhardt, T., Evans, H., Ferdelman, T., Gribsholt, B., Harris, R. N., Hoppie, B. W., Hyun, J.-H., Kallmeyer, J., Kim. J., Lynch, J. E., McKinley, C. C., Mitsunobu, S., Morono, Y., Murray, R. W., Pockalny, R., Sauvage, J., Shimono, T., Shiraishi, F., Smith, D. C., Smith-Duque, C., Spivack, A. J., Steinsbu, B. O., Suzuki, Y., Szpak, M., Toffin, L., Uramoto, G., Yamaguchi, T. Y., Zhang, G., Zhang, X.-H., and Ziebis, W. Presence of oxygen and aerobic communities from seafloor to basement in deep-sea sediment. Nature Geosciences, 8(4), 299-304, 2015.
[2] Uramoto, G.-I., Morono, Y., Tomioka, N., Wakaki, S., Wagai, R., Uesugi, K., Takeuchi, A., Hoshino, M., Suzuki, Y., Shiraishi, F., Mitsunobu, S., Suga, H., Nakada, R., Takeichi, Y., Takahashi, Y., and Inagaki, F., Significant contribution of subseafloor microparticles to the global manganese budget. Nature Communications. 10, 400, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-08347-2, 2019