Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS03] Evolution and variability of the Asian monsoon in Cenozoic global climate changes

Thu. May 30, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 304 (3F)

convener:Masanobu Yamamoto(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Chairperson:Ryuji Tada(The University of Tokyo), Yoshimi Kubota(National Science Museum), Masanobu Yamamoto(Hokkaido University)

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[MIS03-06] The spatial-temporal patterns of Indian monsoonal variations during the past 80 kyr recorded in NGHP-02 Hole 19B, western Bay of Bengal: Implications from chemical and mineral properties

*Yuki Ota1,2,3,4, Hodaka Kawahata4, Junichiro Kuroda4,3, Atsushi Suzuki2, Daisuke Araoka2, Asuka Yamaguchi4, Ayako Abe-Ouchi4 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 3.Department of Biogeochemistry, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 4.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Indian Monsoon, Bay of Bengal sediments, late Quaternary

Detailed reconstruction of Indian summer monsoons is necessary to better understand the late Quaternary climate history of the Bay of Bengal and Indian peninsula. We established a chronostratigraphy for a sediment core from Hole 19B in the western Bay of Bengal, extending to approximately 80 kyr BP, and examined major and trace element compositions and clay mineral components of the sediments. Lower lithogenic matter flux, higher δ18O values, and weaker weathering in the sediment source area during marine isotope stages (MIS) 2 and 4 compared to MIS 1, 3, and 5 are explained by increased Indian summer monsoonal precipitation and river discharge around the western Bay of Bengal. Chemical components indicate a felsic sediment source, suggesting the Precambrian gneissic complex of the eastern Indian peninsula as the dominant sediment source at this site since 80 kyr. Trace element ratios indicate increased sediment contributions from mafic rocks during MIS 2 and 4. We interpret these results as reflecting the changing influences of the eastern and western branches of the Indian summer monsoon, and a greater decrease in rainfall in the eastern and northeastern parts of the Indian peninsula than in the western part during MIS 2 and 4.