Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS04] Interdisciplinary studies on pre-earthquake processes

Thu. May 30, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A02 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Katsumi Hattori(Department of Earth Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University), JANN-YENQ Liu(Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Taiwan), Dimitar Ouzounov(Center of Excellence in Earth Systems Modeling & Observations (CEESMO) , Schmid College of Science & Technology Chapman University, Orange, California, USA), Qinghua Huang(Peking University), Chairperson:Peng Han, Katsumi Hattori

4:45 PM - 5:00 PM

[MIS04-12] FORMOSAT-5/AIP observes seismo-ionospheric precursors

*JANN-YENQ Liu1, Chi-Kuang Chao1 (1.Center for Astronautical Physics and Engineering; and Graduate Institute of Space Science, National Central University, TAIWAN)

Keywords:FORMOSAT-5, AIP (Advanced Ionospheric Probe), seismo-ionospheric precursors

FORMOSAT-5 (F5) was launched at 18:51 UT (universal time) on 24 August 2017 with a sun-synchronous orbit at 720 km altitude and 98.28° inclination, which passes at almost the same local time everywhere in the daytime of about 10:30 LT and the nighttime of about 22:30 LT. It carries a primary payload, optical RSI (Remote Sensing Instrument), and a science payload, AIP (Advanced Ionospheric Probe), which are normally operating in the daytime and nighttime, respectively. The AIP mission is to monitor seismo-ionospheric precursors (SIPs) and observe ionospheric space weather. It is basically a multi-grid planar ion probe integrated with a planar Langmuir probe within a 10 cm × 10 cm aperture, which consists of Retarding Potential Analyzer (RPA), and Ion Drift Meter (IDM)/Ion Trap (IT) to maximize the total availability of ionospheric ion concentration (or density), ion velocities, and ion/electron temperatures at a sample rate up to 8192 Hz over a wide range of spatial scales in ionospheric plasma. The electroformed gold grids used has almost no hysteresis in sweeping current-voltage curves, and results in that the AIP can accurately probe plasma quantities in the ionosphere. The RPA and IDM/IT have been alternatively operating on every other orbit since end of October 2017. The RPA probes the ion density, while the IDM/IT derives the ion density and ion drift velocity. This paper combines in situ plasma measurements of F5/AIP and remote sensing of the TEC (total electron content) derived by ground-based GNSS (global navigation satellite system) receivers to three-dimensionally study SIPs of the 12 November 2017 M7.3 Iran-Iraq Border Earthquake and disturbances of ionospheric storms on 1 and 21 November 2017. The F5/AIP ion density is employed to confirm the SIP signatures and storm signatures being observed, while the F5/AIP ion velocity is employed to find electric fields associated with the SIPs and the ionospheric storms.