Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS05] New technologies to monitor thunderstorm and severe weather activities

Tue. May 28, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 101 (1F)

convener:Mitsuteru Sato(Department of Cosmoscience, Hokkaido University), Yukihiro Takahashi(Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University), Hisayuki Kubota(Hokkaido University), Kozo Yamashita(Ashikaga University, Department of Engineering.), Chairperson:Yukihiro Takahashi(Hokkaido University), Hisayuki Kubota(Department of Cosmoscience, Hokkaido University)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[MIS05-11] Preferred environmental conditions of precipitation systems in and around Bangladesh observed by ground-based radars

★Invited Papers

*Fumie Murata1, Shuhei Azuma2, Toru Terao3, Quamrul S.M. Hassan4 (1.Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University, 2.Faculty of Science, Kochi University, 3.Faculty of Education, Kagawa University, 4.Bangladesh Meteorological Department)

Keywords:Monsoon, Precipitation system, Radar

Severe storms tend to occur in Bangladesh. In the pre-monsoon season (March-May) storms with intense rainfall, lightning, hails, and tornadoes are frequently observed. Precipitation systems in the monsoon season (June-September) bring large amount of rainfall and floods tend to occur. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the environmental conditions which cause severe weather. This study analyzed the ground-based radars observed during 2010-2014 with TRMM-based precipitation products and JRA55 reanalysis. The precipitation systems were classified into four types: arc-type (77 cases), line-type (59 cases), scattered-type (178 cases) and broad-type (172 cases) systems. Arc-type systems tended to occur in the pre-monsoon season, and the environmental condition had large vertical shear with dry in the mid troposphere. Line-type systems had no preferred season, and the environmental condition had weak vertical shear. The formation process seemed back building type. The scattered-type systems in the pre-monsoon season occurred in the large vertical shear, whereas that in the monsoon season occurred in the weak vertial shear. Most of the broad-type systems were occurred in the active spells of the intraseasonal variation during the monsoon season, and the scattered-type tended to appear in 1-3 days before the formation of the broad-type systems.