Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS06] Conservation of geoparks, natural geosites and cultural heritage: weathering process and damage assessment

Thu. May 30, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 202 (2F)

convener:Chiaki T. Oguchi(Institute for Environmental Science and Technology, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University), Tetsuya Waragai(Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Nihon University), Kuniyasu Mokudai(Tohoku Gakuin University), Magdalini Theodoridou(School of Engineering, Cardiff University), Chairperson:Tetsuya Waragai(日本大学大学院 理工学研究科), Kuniyasu Mokudai(Japan Geoservicee)

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[MIS06-03] Interdisciplinary approaches on conservation of underground geoheritage for community development of Taya Cave and its adjacent area

★Invited Papers

*Yasuhiko TAMURA1,2, Chiaki T. Oguchi4, Yuichi S. Hayakawa5,2, Takuro Ogura2, OGATA KEISUKE6, Masashi MORITA3 (1.The Executive Committee for the Preservation of TAYA CAVERN , 2.The University of Tokyo, Center for Spatial Information Science, 3.Yokohama National University, Institute of Urban Innovation, 4.Saitama University, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, 5.Hokkaido University, Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, 6.Tsurumi University, The Department of Cultural Properties)

Keywords:Preservation of cultural property, underground heritage, multi-field joint basic survey, regional cooperation, Elementary school - University collaboration, TAYA Cave

TAYA Cave is an underground geoheritage locating in a Buddhism temple of Shingon sect, Josen-ji, south Yokohama, Japan. The cave is supposed to have its origin in the Kamakura period about 800 years ago, and then been used for religious trainings for priests. After opened to public in Edo era, a certain number of general people visited there. It was registered as a cultural property of Yokohama City in 1990. The cave originates in Kamakura period over 800 years ago. It was made by digging with human hands to shape a tunnel-like three-layer structure. More than 300 beautiful bas-reliefs are existed on the walls. However, those artifacts have been damaged due to deterioration or weathering. We are facing to urgent problem to preserve it to inherit in the future.
The authors have been trying to preserve this cave for four years. The Executive Committee for the Preservation of Taya Cave was established to make 3D digital data of this underground cultural property. In order to outline the approaches, three practical trials were carried out. The first one is dissemination of basic conditions of the cave from the viewpoints of earth science such as geology, geography and geotechnics to local people. Throughout of this activity, environmental characteristics of Taya Cave will be understood quantitatively. The second one is to understand regional culture and environment by interpreting regional history appearing on fundamental survey of bas-relief. The third one is to consider the possibilities of city planning with considering various regulations existed in the real society and environmental regulations. By comprehensively advancing these activities, urban rural area will be able to develop and gain vitality. The present study reports the results of these multidisciplinary practical trials carried out so far.