2:45 PM - 3:00 PM
[MIS09-04] Prediction of health effects of cross-border atmospheric pollutants using the Model of Aerosol Species in the Global Atmosphere (MASINGAR)
Keywords:Atmospheric air pollution, Health forecast, Aerosol forecast
Subjective symptom scores were collected via self-administered questionnaires and, along with modeled surface aerosol concentration data, were used to conduct a risk evaluation using generalized estimating equations between October and November 2011.
Altogether, 29 individuals provided 1670 responses. Spearman's correlation coefficients were determined for the relationship between the proportion of the participants reporting the maximum score of two or more for each symptom and the surface concentrations for each considered aerosol species calculated using MASINGAR; the coefficients showed significant intermediate correlations between surface sulfate aerosol concentration and respiratory, throat, and fever symptoms (R=0.557, 0.454, and 0.470, respectively; p < 0.01). In the general estimation equation (logit link) analyses, a significant linear association of surface sulfate aerosol concentration, with an endpoint determined by reported respiratory symptom scores of two or more,was observed (P trend=0.001, odds ratio [OR] of the highest quartile [Q4] vs. the lowest[Q1]=5.31, 95% CI=2.18 to 12.96), with adjustment for potential confounding. The surface sulfate aerosol concentration was also associated with throat and fever symptoms. Association of surface dust aerosol concentration and respiratory symptom were odds ratio [OR] of the highest quartile [Q4] vs. the lowest[Q1]=3.32, 95% CI=0.90 to 12.27).
In conclusion, our findings suggest that modeled data are potentially useful for predicting health risks of cross-border aerosol arrivals.