Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS11] Aqua planetology

Mon. May 27, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A02 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Yasuhito Sekine(Earth-Life Science Insitute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Tomohiro Usui(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Takazo Shibuya(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Yasuhito Sekine(Dept. Earth & Planetary Sci., University of Tokyo), Keisuke Fukushi, Tomohiro Usui

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[MIS11-11] The occurrence of perchlorate salt in and around the Taklimakan Desert, China

*Haibo Qin1,2, Shitong Yang1, Qing Chang3, Chihiro Miyamoto1, Yoshio Takahashi1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, 2.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:perchlorate, distribution, XANES

The formation and preservation of perchlorate (ClO4-) in arid and semi-arid deserts on Earth is of growing concern, because the desert could serve as a viable analog for Martian landscape where high perchlorate has been recently discovered. In this study, perchlorate in samples collected from the Taklimakan Desert, Xinjiang, NW China was extracted by water and then measured by IC-MS/MS. The Cl speciation was determined by Cl K-edge XANES analysis to provide direct spectroscopic evidences for the presence of perchlorate. Results showed that the moraine sample contains a higher perchlorate concentration and the ClO4-/Cl- ratio in comparison with sand, river sediment and loess samples. Furthermore, KClO4 was identified as the dominant perchlorate species in the hotspot of moraine sample by μ-XANES analysis, which is significantly different from the dominant presence of Ca(ClO4)2 and Mg(ClO4)2 species on Martial soil. This result could be explained by the lowest solubility for KClO4, while other perchlorate salts would be easily leached and mobile on Earth in contrast to Mars where much lesser liquid water is present in the history and present-day. Thus, the finding in this study would provide important insights into the prevalence of perchlorate on Mars.