Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS11] Aqua planetology

Tue. May 28, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yasuhito Sekine(Earth-Life Science Insitute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Tomohiro Usui(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Keisuke Fukushi(Institute of Nature & Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University), Takazo Shibuya(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

[MIS11-P03] Electron irradiations onto ice-salt mixtures at low temperatures: Implications for chemical evolution and oxidant formation on Europa

*Shuya Tan2,1, Yasuhito Sekine2, Tetsuya Hama3 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, the University of Tokyo, 2.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:Irradiation experiment, Europa, chemical evolution

The ice-rich surface of Europa is known to be irradiated with high-energy particles, such as electron, accelerated by the Jovian strong magnetic field (e.g., Paranicas et al., 2009). The high-energy particle irradiations could have caused particular chemical reactions on the surface, possibly including dissociation of H2O and subsequent oxidation of surface salts, such as chlorides and sulfates/sulfides (e.g., Carlson et al., 2009; Hand et al., 2011). In addition, sputtering of the surface ice and salts by high-energy particles is proposed to be a major source of the tenuous atmosphere on Europa (e.g., Johnson et al., 2009; Brown and Hill, 1999). However, the detailed chemical reactions on Europa’s surface have been poorly constrained.

Here we construct a novel experimental system for irradiation of electron onto ice and salt (e.g., chloride: NaCl and MgCl2) mixtures at low temperatures. Laboratory experiments on electron irradiation onto NaCl salt have been conducted at low temperatures corresponding to Europa’s surface (e.g., Hand and Carlson, 2015). However, no experiments have been performed to simulate the irradiation of electron onto ice and salt mixtures on Europa. Upon electron irradiation onto ice and chloride mixtures, chloride may be oxidized into perchlorate salts. If the surface materials are provided into the subsurface ocean through crustal recycling (e.g., Hand et al., 2007), perchlorate would become an important oxidant to generated redox disequilibria in the ocean. We report preliminary results on the electron irradiation experiments using the newly-constructed system.