Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS12] tsunami deposit

Thu. May 30, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM Convention Hall B (2F)

convener:Takashi Chiba(Faculty of Bioresource Sciences, Akita Prefectural University), Tetsuya Shinozaki(Center for Research in Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics (CRiED), University of Tsukuba), Daisuke Ishimura(Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University), Chairperson:Daisuke Ishimura(Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[MIS12-04] Survey of tsunami deposits in Kunashiri Island: Results obtained in the 2015-2018 projects

*Yuichi Nishimura1, Yasuhiro Takashimizu2, Daisuke Sugawara3, Takafumi Enya4, Takashi Chiba5, Ryo Nakanishi6, Alexander Shishkin7, Alexey Gorbunov8, Victor Kaistrenko8, Asuka Takahashi9, Hiroki Muramatsu10, Yasuyuki Kawazoe11, Naofumi Takamatsu11 (1.Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Institute of Humanities, Social Sciences and Education, Niigata University, 3.Museum of Natural and Environmental History, Shizuoka, 4.Hokkaido Museum, 5.Faculty of Bioresource Sciences, Akita Prefectural University, 6.Hokkaido Education University, 7.Shikotan Geophysical Observatory, 8.Institute of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 9.Japan Meteorological Agency, 10.Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, 11.Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology)

Keywords:the Northern Territories, Kunashiri Island, tsunami deposit, paleo earthquake, volcanic tephra

Historical and prehistorical tsunami deposits in Kunashir Island, the Northern Territories, were studied as parts of visa-free exchange programs of Japan and Russia. The reconnaissance survey was conducted for 30 days for 4 years from 2015 to 2018, and 105 sites in the ca. 50 km area along the Pacific coastline was examined. As a result, it was confirmed that the sand layer, which can be regarded as a trace of the 1994 Hokkaido Toho-Oki tsunami is well preserved near the surface layer in the eastern lowland from Furukamappu to Ruyobetsu. The 1994 tsunami run-up, estimated from the distribution of the deposits, is 50-150 m from the coast and 3-4 m in height. Furthermore, the chemical composition of the volcanic glass was analyzed for as many as 30 volcanic tephras. Examining the results together with the stratigraphy, it was found that known tephra from volcanoes of Hokkaido, such as Ko-c1 (1856), Ta-a (1739), Ko-c2 (1694), Ta-b (1667), Ma-b (10th Century) and Ta-c (2,700 BP) are deposited at multiple sites on the island. With these volcanic deposits as the key layer, we could estimate the age of the candidates of tsunami deposits. For example, in the wetland of Furukamappu, there is one event in the 17th and 10th centuries, and two in the 10th century and 2700 years ago. It is inferred that the large tsunami that would leave the deposit in Kunashiri occurred at a frequency of once in 1000 years.