Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS12] tsunami deposit

Thu. May 30, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Convention Hall B (2F)

convener:Takashi Chiba(Faculty of Bioresource Sciences, Akita Prefectural University), Tetsuya Shinozaki(Center for Research in Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics (CRiED), University of Tsukuba), Daisuke Ishimura(Department of Geography, Tokyo Metropolitan University), Chairperson:Tetsuya Shinozaki(Center for Research in Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[MIS12-10] Non-destructive analyzes of sediments to discern tsunami-related mud cap and overlying muds to improve age determination of tsunami deposits

*Takashi Ishizawa1, Kazuhisa Goto2, Yusuke Yokoyama3, Yosuke Miyairi3 (1.Department of Earth Science, Tohoku University, 2.International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, 3.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Tsunami deposit, Mud cap, Non-destructive analyzes

Age of tsunami deposit is usually determined from dating results of sediments above and below the tsunami derived layers. However, determining the upper boundary of tsunami deposit is often difficult, because the top of tsunami deposit is sometimes comprised of mud-dominated sediment (mud cap) which can be indistinguishable from overlying muddy sediment deposited under normal sedimentary condition. This ambiguity may cause serious problem determining true tsunami ages.

Here we present an examples of non-destructive and destructive analyses of core sample taken from Okirai, Iwate prefecture. Our results indicated that X-CT (X-ray Computed Tomography), XRF (X-ray Fluorescence), and grain size analyses were useful to identify tsunami-related mud cap from overlying muds deposited after tsunami events. Since X-CT and XRF analyses are non-destructive analyses, it is highly recommended to conduct these analyses before subsampling of the sediments for further analyses including radiocarbon dating. Such careful sampling for dating will contribute to improve age estimation of tsunami deposits.