Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS13] Biogeochemistry

Mon. May 27, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 201A (2F)

convener:Keisuke Koba(Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Keisuke Koba(Kyoto University), Yoshiyuki Inagaki, Kazumichi Fujii

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[MIS13-02] Nitrogen transformation process in newly created salt marsh in the aftermath of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake

*Keitaro Fukushima1, Kazuma Hashimoto2, Megumi Kuroiwa3, Katsuhide Yokoyama2, Yuichi Suwa3 (1.Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, 2.Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 3.Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University)

Keywords:salt marsh, dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium, denitrification

Dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA) is one of the most important processes of nitrate removal in an anaerobic condition. The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami attack widely created the intertidal salt marsh along the coast due to sea water intrusion and large ground subsidence. It is necessary to elucidate the ecosystem functions of the newly created salt march. Salt marsh is located in the conjunction point of river and sea, therefore the conversion of dissolved inorganic nitrogen concentrations and forms in the salt marsh may directly impact the productivity and biodiversity of marine ecosystems. However it is still unknown that the role of this specific salt marsh in nutrient dynamics. In September 2017, the surface sediments were collected at the intertidal and subtidal points of the salt marsh, and their potential rates of denitrification, DNRA, and anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) were estimated by using a 15N tracer technique. As for the nitrate-nitrogen removal in the sediments, the rate of DNRA was ranged from 24.8 to 177 nmol g-1 h-1, while the denitrification rate was ranged from 2.9 to 32.8 nmol g-1 h-1. Our results demonstrate that the DNRA would be significantly important in nitrate removal, and it also suggests that the conversion of inorganic nitrogen form nitrate to ammonium in the salt marsh might affect the species composition of phytoplankton and the primary production in the marsh and the coastal area connected with the marsh.