Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS14] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Mon. May 27, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Convention Hall B (2F)

convener:Osamu Seki(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Ryu Uemura(University of the Ryukyus), Ryosuke Makabe(National Institute of Polar Research), Chairperson:Sam Sherriff-Tadano(University of Tokyo)

12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

[MIS14-11] Geophysical insights into tectonic, volcanic, sedimentation, and glacial processes in Indian and Southern Oceans: Preliminary geophysical results of R/V Hakuho-maru KH-19-1 cruise

*Masakazu Fujii1, Hiroshi Sato2, Minoru Ikehara3, Yoshifumi Nogi1, Taichi Sato4, Yasuyuki Nakamura5, Eri Helen Amsler6, Sam Sherriff-Tadano7 (1.National Institute of Polar Research and SOKENDAI, 2.Senshu University, 3.Kochi University, 4.AIST, 5.JAMSTEC, 6.University of Bern, 7.AORI, UTokyo)

Keywords:Indian and Southern Oceans, Solid Earth processes, Marine geophysics, Hakuho-maru

The seafloor covers more than 70 percent of the solid-earth surface and has been progressively investigated since the 20th century, however most parts have not been explored because of observation difficulties in the ocean. Particularly, the seafloor of the Indian and Southern Oceans are expected to preserve significant records of paleo glacial processes and submarine volcanism as well as continental breakup and seafloor spreading. Here, we show new geophysical dataset just obtained during the R/V Hakuho-maruKH-19-1 cruise in early 2019. Underway geophysical mapping as well as multichannel reflection surveys and dredge rock samplings were conducted in this cruse. Specific scientific target area were set to 1) the Southwest Indian Ridge to reveal the seafloor spreading process in the Cenozoic era; 2) Conrad Rise to understand its origin and surrounding magmatism; 3) Del Cano Rise to reveal how it has been formed; 4) off Cape Darnley to reveal relationship between solid-earth processes and presently formed Antarctic bottom water; and 5) Southeast Indian Ridge to reveal the mid-ocean ridge oscillation. Multibeam bathymetry, total and vector magnetic fields, gravity, and sub-bottom profiler data were successfully acquired along the ship tracks which covers Fremantle to Mauritius in leg-1 (2 Jan to 11 Jan 2019) and Mauritius to Fremantle via mentioned target area in leg-2 (16 Jan to 12 Feb 2019). We overview preliminary geophysical results which were combined with previous Hakuho-marucruises of KH-07-04, KH-09-05, KH-10-07, and KH-16-01 and data acquired during Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition by using Japanese icebreaker Shirase. Finally, we discuss geophysical insights into tectonic, volcanic, sedimentation, and glacial processes in Indian and Southern Oceans.