2:15 PM - 2:30 PM
[MIS14-14] Warming and climate feedbacks in the southern high latitude driven by obliquity, precession-eccentricity, and atmospheric CO2
Keywords:GCM, Antarctica, orbital parameter, feedback
We use an AGCM with slab ocean of MIROC-GCM (Hasumi and Emori, 2004) and performed experiments with (1) large obliquity, (2) large precession and the winter solstice (austral summer) at the aphelion (Maximum values in the past ages are used). A seasonal surface feedback analysis method (Lu and Cai, 2009) is also applied.
Results show that warming on the Antarctica (covered by the ice-sheet) due to the orbital parameter change is dominated by short-wave radiation which is not interrupted by cloud, in contrast that the warming due to increasing atmospheric CO2 is dominated by downward long-wave radiation. Results also show that seasonal warming and climate feedback responses on the Southern Ocean are qualitatively common in the insolation and CO2 cases, as well as warming in the Arctic Ocean; little warming in the summer with absorption of energy and large warming in the autumn and winter with releasing of the energy. The strengths of the warming are qualitatively different whether the seasonality, especially spring and early summer, of radiative forcing is favorable for sea ice melt.
We will investigate the changes of the atmospheric circulation, precipitation, and the influence of the oceanic circulation.