[MIS14-P01] Preliminary study on the effect of low-salinity ice melting water on biomass and composition of ice algae
Keywords:The Southern Ocean, Ice algae, Sea ice
We collected pack ice and surface seawater in the ice edge (65º17.9’S, 109º40.9’E) on January 16th, 2019 during the 22nd Antarctic voyage by the training vessel Umitaka-maru. Sea ice was melted with different volume of filtered seawater (moderate salinity: 10.0 kg ice+90 L filtered sea water, FSW, low salinity: 8.6 kg ice+10 L FSW) to simulate different final salinity (moderate: 30.05, low: 18.00). We incubated the algal communities in seawater and two types of sea-ice melting water (moderate and low salinity conditions) under a natural light condition for 24 hours, with temperature maintained by a circulating surface seawater. Before and after the incubation, we obtained chlorophyll a concentration (bulk and size-fraction), Lugol-fixed samples for microscopic analysis and cell viability (live or dead).
After 24 hours, <10 µm size class of ice-algal communities in both moderate and low salinity conditions showed a significant difference in the ratio of chlorophyll a concentration (chl a fin. /chl a ini.) relative to the bulk and >10 µm size class (Tukey-Kramer test, Fig.). The ratio of chl a (mean±SD, n=3) in this size class was highest (moderate: 2.1±0.1, low: 1.8±0.2) among the samples. This suggests that algal community of <10 µm have an ability to acclimate to low salinity water. This study discussed the changes in species composition and abundance of the algal communities as well.