Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS15] Evolution of Pelagic Realm

Mon. May 27, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 302 (3F)

convener:Atsushi Matsuoka(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Katsunori Kimoto(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Toshiyuki Kurihara(Graduate School of Science and Technology, Niigata University), Tetsuji Onoue(Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University), Chairperson:Atsushi Matsuoka, Toshiyuki Kurihara

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[MIS15-02] Reconstruction of oceanic redox conditions in the Lower Jurassic (Pliensbachian–Toarcian) pelagic deep-sea bedded chert sequence of the Mino Belt, central Japan

*Katsuhito Soda1 (1.Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kumamoto University)

The Pliensbachian-Toarcian interval in the Early Jurassic is characterized by a second-order marine mass extinction and remarkable worldwide palaeoenvironmental perturbations associated with the early Toarcian oceanic anoxic event (T-OAE). However, oceanic redox conditions and palaeoceanographic processes for redox sensitive elemental accumulation are unclear in the pelagic deep-sea realms of the Panthalassic Ocean. Here we show geochemical and multivariate statistical analyses in the pelagic deep-sea sedimentary rocks of the Panthalassic Ocean during the Pliensbachian-Toarcian. Three principal components (PC1, PC2, and PC3) in the redox sensitive elements explained 88.64% of the total variance. The PC1 represents the comprehensive redox variations, whose stratigraphic variations show euxinic-anoxic conditions across the Pliensbachian/Toarcian (Pl/To) boundary layer and the classical T-OAE. The PC2 depicts the sorption processes of Fe-Mn oxide minerals with transition elements, whose stratigraphic variations suggest few drawdowns of the transition elemental inventory after the Pl/To boundary layer. The PC3 delineates the active particulate shuttles by Fe (-Mn) oxide minerals, whose stratigraphic variations indicate the strong activation between the Pl/To boundary layer and the classical T-OAE. The statistical extraction of both the PC1 and the PC3 support the characteristic phenomena in the pelagic deep-sea realms of the Panthalassic Ocean under the relatively strong reductive conditions.