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[MIS19-17] Paleotemperature and precipitation history (18.1−4.5 ka) in stalagmite bulk and clumped isotopes from Hiroshima, Japan
Keywords:stalagmite, carbonate clumped isotope, temperature reconstruction, last glacial period, Holocene, paleoclimate
A possible solution is applying carbonate clumped isotope thermometry that can reconstruct the temperature without information of the isotopic compositions of the environmental water. The principle of the clumped isotope thermometry is based on the temperature-dependency of the abundance anomaly of 13C18O16O (Δ47) from acid digestion of carbonate.
In this study, carbonate clumped isotope (Δ47) was measured from 50 layers of Hiro-1 stalagmite from Hiroshima Prefecture by purification line and MAT 253 settled at Kyushu University. The growth interval of the stalagmite is from 18.1 to 4.5 ka and includes two hiatuses in 10.8–7.7 ka and 12.8–11.4 ka.
The Δ47 values of 50 layers in Hiro-1 range from 0.683 to 0.741‰, which correspond to 3.2−23.4 ºC by temperature calibration on the basis of tufa measurements (Kato et al., 2019).The temperature range of each time-series is 5.2−12.5 ºC (7.4 ºC in average; 18.0−16.0 ka), 10.4−12.8 ºC (11.9 ºC in average; 15.9−14.5 ka), 3.2−9.4 ºC (6.1 ºC in average; 14.2−12.6 ka), 6.8−12.4ºC (9.2 ºC in average; 11.0−10.7 ka), 7.6−23.4 ºC (15.7 ºC in average; 7.7−4.9 ka) and 3.9−9.7 ºC (8.2 ºC in average; 4.9−4.5 ka).
The Δ47 temperature record from Hiro-1 is broadly consistent with already-known climatic stages. For instance, the temperature recovery from LGM, lowering around Younger-Dryas, increase into Holocene and the peak of warming around Hypsithermal. Temperature difference between LGM (18.0−16.0 ka) and mid-Holocene (7.7−4.9 ka) is 8.3 ºC. Isotopic data in the period of 15.9−14.5 ka, and also at 10.7 ka has the features from the kinetic effect, i.e., high δ18O values and low Δ47 values comparing to the data of adjacent intervals. These intervals are characteristic in high prior calcite precipitation (PCP) of Hiro-1 stalagmite as suggested by Hori et al. (2013) and this shift was likely caused by some disequilibrium effect.
The δ18OHiro-1 profile can be corrected by subtraction of temperature effect and δ18OMW which represents isotopic composition of past meteoric water was obtained. The reconstructed δ18OMW value shows 1−2‰ rising from the last glacial period to Holocene. The shift has probably reflected an increase of summer precipitation by strengthened EASM in Holocene and the lowering of continentality by advance of Seto Island Sea.
Kato H., Amekawa S., Kano A., Mori T., Kuwahara Y., Quade J. (2019) Seasonal temperature changes obtained from carbonate clumped isotopes of annually laminated tufas from Japan: Discrepancy between natural and synthetic calcites. GCA 244, 548–564.
Hori M., Ishikawa T., Nagaishi K., Lin K., Wang B.-S., You C.-F., Shen C.-C., Kano A. (2013) Prior calcite precipitation and source mixing process influence Sr/Ca, Ba/Ca and 87Sr/86Sr of a stalagmite developed in southwestern Japan during 18.0 4.5 ka. Chem. Geol. 347, 190–198.