Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS19] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Thu. May 30, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 304 (3F)

convener:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Michinobu Kuwae(Center for Marine Environmental Studies), Hitoshi Hasegawa(Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University), Chairperson:Hitoshi Hasegawa

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[MIS19-19] Seasonal changes in Li/Ca ratio and inferred phytoplankton abundance as analyzed by daily growth increments of Pecten albicans (Bivalvia)

*Kondo Yasuo1, Hondo Shutaro, Hasegawa Hitoshi1, Nshio Yoshiro1, Hirota Takayoshi (1.National University Corporation Kochi University)

Keywords:Li/Ca, Pecten albicans, daily growth increment, seasonal change, plankton bloom

To evaluate the potentials of scallop shells as paleoenvironmental archives, Li/Ca ratio and other geochemical data were obtained using LA-ICP-MS for the Pecten albicans specimen (KSG-th001) collected alive on April 29, 2011, from Tosa Bay, and was analyzed in relation to the seasonal changes of environmental parameters including water temperature and Chlorophyll a (Hirota and Ichikawa, 2012). In the analysis, fine striae on the left valve of P. albicans, were used as daily growth marker.
As a result, the analyzed specimen displayed overall higher rate of shell growth from spring to summer, while shell growth slowed down in fall and winter in 2010. A white band (annual ring) on the generally brown left valve corresponds to the lower rate interval of shell growth. However, another lower shell growth interval is recognized between spring (ca. 50 days) and late summer (ca. 20 days). This corresponds to the lower water temperature interval in late June and early July at 100 m depth in Tosa Bay, which is interpreted as representing upwelling associated with anticlockwise rotational current in Tosa Bay when the Kuroshio current became close to the shore.
These microgrowth patterns of the shell of Pecten albicans displayed a close similarity to the Li/Ca profile. Li enrichment in scallop shells is considered to have originated from the frustules of edible species in the digestive tract of scallops, and Li/Ca ratio of P. maximus in a bay in France was proposed as a proxy of timing and magnitude of diatom bloom (Thébault and Chauvaud, 2013). Our study confirms the validity of Li/Ca in scallop shells as a proxy of diatom bloom for different scallop species in a distant biogeographic province.
This study was performed under the cooperative research program of Center for Advanced Marine Core Research (CMCR), Kochi University Accept No.18B060 .