Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS19] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Thu. May 30, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Michinobu Kuwae(Center for Marine Environmental Studies), Hitoshi Hasegawa(Faculty of Science and Technology, Kochi University)

[MIS19-P04] Extraction of the sedimentary cycles and application of cyclostratigraphy to the Middle Miocene Onnagawa Formation in Yashima District, Akita Prefecture, Japan

*Jumpei Yoshioka1, Ryuji Tada1,3, Kenji Marc Raymond Matsuzaki2, Toshihiro Tada1, Aki Sakuma1, Yusuke Umemiya1, Shunsuke Kurokawa (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, the University of Tokyo, 2.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, 3.Yunnan University)

Keywords:the Onnagawa Fm., Miocene, silica rank, cyclostratigraphy

Middle Miocene (16.0-11.6Ma) is the time of the second of the three cooling steps during Cenozoic. In this cooling event, siliceous sediments with high organic contents were widely deposited along the North Pacific rim because of high productivity and/or preservation of diatoms. In the northern Japan Sea, those sediments are known as the Onnagawa Formation. It was reported that siliceous rocks in the Onnagawa Fm. showed meter-scale rhythmical bedding reflecting fluctuations in productivity of diatoms and flux of detrital materials. Furthermore, it was also reported that parts of highly siliceous rocks in the Onnagawa Fm. showed centimeter-scale black bands. However, the age and the cause of their occurrence has not been understood.
In this study, we tried to construct a high-resolution and precise age model of the Onnagawa Fm. in the Yashima District by applying cyclostratigraphy to the m-scale rhythmical bedding, that is attributable to the fluctuation of biogenic silica content.
Firstly, a ca. 130m-long continuous composite columnar section was constructed by correlation of 6 sections. This composite columnar section is divided into 5 lithological units, cyclic alternations of marl and interbedded mudstone (Unit A), mudstone with cyclic siliceous rocks intercalations (Unit B), siliceous-mudstone with muddy-porcelanite intercalations (Unit C), bedded muddy-porcelanite with cm-scale black bands (Unit D) and siliceous-mudstone and hard siliceous-mudstone alternations (Unit E). “Silica rank”, which is defined as degree of siliceousness and divided into 5 grades based on hardness of the siliceous rocks observed in the field and confirmed by XRD analysis, was determined every 10cm for Unit B, Unit C and Unit D. It showed obvious m-scale cyclicities. The silica rank variation for Unit B and Unit C was obviously different from that for Unit D, and it is considered that this difference may reflect either the change in the sedimentation rate or the change in response of sedimentation mechanism to the orbital forcing that results in the lithological change. In order to construct an age model, the silica rank was tuned to δ18O of benthic foraminifera with age constraints given by microfossil biostratigraphy.