Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS20] Mountain Science

Mon. May 27, 2019 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 103 (1F)

convener:Keisuke Suzuki(Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University), Yoshihiko Kariya(Department of Environmental Geography, Senshu University), Akihiko SASAKI(Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Kokushikan University), Chiyuki Narama(Niigata University, Department of Science), Chairperson:Yoshihiko Kariya(専修大学)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[MIS20-04] Air and ground temperature conditions on alpine and sub-apline zone of Norikura Volcano, Northern Japanese Alps

*Akihiko SASAKI1, Motoshi NISHIMURA2, Keisuke Suzuki3 (1.Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Kokushikan University, 2.Interdisciplinary Graduate school of Science and Technology, Shinshu University, 3.Faculty of Science, Shinshu University)

Keywords:air temperature observation, ground temperature observation, forest limit, alpine zone, norikura volcano, Northern Japanese Alps

In Japanese mountains, the alpine zone above the forest limit coincides with the periglacial zone, therefore the position of the forest limit and its genesis are important. The forest limit is thought to control by factors such as thermal conditions, prevailing wind, snow cover, and form and deposit of slope surfaces. We observe the air temperatures on the two sites of forest zone, where are forest limit and under limit of subalpine zone of Norikura volcano. In addition, we also observe the air temperature on an alpine zone of Fujimi-dake in Norikura volcano.
The annual mean air temperatures on the forest limit were 0.1 ℃ in 2014 and -0.3 ℃ in 2017. The warmth index (WI) on the forest limit were 19.7 ℃・months in 2014, 21.8 ℃・months in 2015, and 19.8 ℃・months in 2017, respectively. This WI value exceeds 15℃・months of Kira's WI for the forest line in Japan. This result supports the proposal that the forest line of Norikura volcano is controlled not by thermal conditions but by other factors such as the prevailing wind or snow cover.