Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS21] Gas hydrate in environmental-resource sciences

Tue. May 28, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A02 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Kitami Institute of Technology), Atsushi Tani(Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University), Shusaku Goto(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chairperson:八久保 晶弘(北見工業大学), 戸丸 仁

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[MIS21-09] Origin and evolution of H2S-bearing methane hydrate in the Sea of Japan

*Ryo Matsumoto1, Tomoko Fukazawa2, Akihiro Hiruta1, Glen Snyder1 (1.Organization for the Strategic Laboratory of Research and Intellectual Properties, Meiji University, 2.Department of Applied Chemistry, School of Science and Technoloty, Meiji University)

Keywords:shallow gas hydrates, H2S, eustatic sea level change

Thick massive deposits of hydrates of the Sea of Japan have accumulate in gas chimneys in two steps. The first step is related to a 25 million years’ rifting of the Sea of Japan, characterized by a high heat flows, high TOC sediments and a tectonic inversion at a few million years ago. Tectonic inversion has developed deep reverse faults and tight folds with open fracture systems, which facilitated the development of gas chimney structures. Second one is a glacial-interglacial cycles for a few 100 ka. Eustatic sea level fall resulted in a shoal up the base of gas hydrate stability (BGGS), dissociation of deep-seated hydrates, and enhanced methane-flux and massive accumulation of hydrates. Shallow hydrates are characterized by high H2S contents up to a few %v/v, reflecting AOM in shallow subsurface. Shallow H2S-bearing hydrates have repeatedly and intermittently accumulated on the top of gas chimneys at glacial period, while the H2S contents rapidly decreased with depth due to recrystallization perhaps through molecular diffusion during burial diagenesis. Key conditions to develop massive deposits of shallow hydrates are strong flux of mixed-microbial and thermogenic gases and a recycling of deep-seated hydrates during the glacial-interglacial.