Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS21] Gas hydrate in environmental-resource sciences

Tue. May 28, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Kitami Institute of Technology), Atsushi Tani(Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University), Shusaku Goto(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

[MIS21-P08] Gas hydrate survey off Tokachi (the Pacific Ocean) in the framework of practical education of Kitami Institute of Technology

*Yunosuke Hase1, Jumpei Matsuda1, Yuki Ikeura1, Akihiro Hachikubo1, Masaaki Konishi1, Hirotoshi Sakagami1, Hirotsugu Minami1, Satoshi Yamashita1 (1.Kitami Institute of Technology)

Keywords:gas hydrate, methane, the Pacific Ocean

Distribution of BSR (bottom simulating reflector) has been reported off Tokachi, the Pacific Ocean (Hayashi et al., 2010). Kitami Institute of Technology started gas hydrate survey in this area on 2014, using TS Oshoro-maru of Hokkaido University. This program is conducted in the framework of practical education (name of lecture: “Practical learning about the Okhotsk Region, its history and the natural environment”), and about 40 students participate the cruise. Three cruises (C008, C046, and C061) were executed in 2014-2018. We found many gas seeps ascending from sea floor, those height exceeded 700 m from the sea floor. We recovered gas-rich sediment cores by a gravity and hydrostatic corers. Here, we report characteristics of sediment gas in this area.

Samples of sediment gas, mainly dissolved gases in pore water, were obtained by a headspace gas method. 10 mL sediment was sampled from the sediment core by a plastic syringe (volume: 5 mL) and put into a 25 mL vial. 10 mL NaCl aqueous solution was introduced into the vial by using a micropipette and sealed employing a butyl rubber septum to make a headspace (5 mL volume). To avoid any changes in the headspace, preservative (benzalkonium chloride, BKC) was added and the headspace part was flushed by helium. We roughly checked gas composition of sediment gases onboard using a portable gas chromatograph, and after that we measured the molecular and isotopic compositions of headspace gases using another gas chromatograph and CF-IRMS in our laboratory.

Concentration of C1 increased with depth, and exceeded 1 [mM] in the bottom of some sediment cores (C008-GC1403, C046-GC1702, and C061-GC1803), indicating that their depths of SMI (sulfate-methane interface) were small and active gas seep existed at the sea floor. The minimum SMI depth was 50 [cmbsf] in C008-GC1403. C1 / (C2 + C3) in these gas-rich layer was from 300 to 700. Concentration of H2S exceeds 1 [mM] in the bottom of sediment cores. These results indicate that microbial gas is supplied from lower layer and AOM (anaerobic oxidation of methane) processes is active in beneath the sea floor. C1 δ13C profiles showed minimum values (lower than -100‰) at the SMI depth in C061-GC1803. C2 δ13C distributed between -55‰ and -30‰, suggesting that C2 seems also microbial origin.


Hayashi M, Saeki T, Inamori T, Noguchi S (2010) The distribution of BSRs related to methane hydrates, offshore Japan. J Jpn Assoc Petrol Technol 75(1): 42-53