4:45 PM - 5:00 PM
[MTT46-17] Study of Water Vapor Monitoring in the Open Ocean using Kinematic Precise Point Positioning
Keywords:Water Vapor, Heavy rainfall, GNSS
Unlike ground-based fixed GNSS stations, ocean-platform (ship and buoy) GNSS measurements face difficulties in analyzing the variable antenna position simultaneously with the atmospheric delay. However, recent advancement of kinematic precise point positioning technology is beginning to overcome these difficulties. Shoji et al (2017) installed two GNSS antennas on a research vessel, the RYOFU MARU of the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), and conducted experimental observations to assess the GNSS derived precipitable water vapor (PWV) from October 19, 2016, to August 6, 2017. The GNSS derived PWVs showed good agreement with the radiosonde observations on the vessel (1.7 mm root mean square difference, −0.7 mm bias, and 3.6% rejection rate).
Kato et al. (2018) introduced a GNSS buoy system for a synthetic geohazard monitoring. The buoy is located about 40 km south of Cape Ashizuri, west of Shikoku, Japan. We succeeded continuous PWV retrieval from June to September 2018. Retrieved PWVs vividly captured water vapor variations associated with north-south shifting of the “BAIU” seasonal rain front and passages of heavy rainfalls and typhoons. The GNSS buoy PWVs also suggest that, compared to over land, uncertainty of water vapor field in JMA’s objective analysis is larger over the ocean (Shoji et al. 2019).
In the year of 2018, we started a new research project to monitor PWV over the ocean west of Kyushu, Japan, getting supports from eight vessels (six regular line cargo vessels, one fisheries research vessel, and one JMA’s research vessel). The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of water vapor monitoring in upward of west Japan on heavy rainfall prediction. Preliminary PWV analyses show about 3 mm rms with about -1 mm bias against JMA’s operational regional objective analysis.
The shipborne GNSS campaign observation was funded by a research grant for Mission Research for Sustainable Humanosphere from the Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH) at Kyoto University, “Study on accuracy improvement of shipborne GNSS water vapor measurement.”
GNSS observation on top of a floating buoy is funded by JSPS KAKENHI Grants 16H06310. A part of this study is supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grants 17H00852.