2:30 PM - 2:45 PM
[MTT48-04] Iron isotopic compositions of Luna 16, 20, 24 soils
At present, there are no lunar meteorites collected as fall, thus, returned samples of the Moon are important for lunar Fe isotopic studies. In this study, we have measured Fe isotopic ratios of soil samples from the Soviet Luna missions, Luna 16, 20, and 24, using MC-ICP-MS. A highly matured sample from Luna 16 shows clearly distinguished Fe isotopic compositions between the fine-grain and coarse-grain fractions, while such Fe isotopic discrepancies among different size fractions were much smaller in submature (Luna 20) and immature (Luna 24) samples. The Fe isotopic ratios of separated grains show that agglutinates have higher δ57Fe values than the bulk and monomineralic grains, indicating the abundant np-Fe0s in agglutinates and the partial evaporation of Fe during its melting.
The δ57Fe value for the coarsest grain fraction of very low-Ti basalt from Luna 24 was found to be 0.08 ± 0.04‰, which is the first Fe isotopic composition reported for very low-Ti mare basalts. This value is clearly lower than previously reported δ57Fe values for high-Ti and low-Ti basalts, and is nearly identical to those of Mg-suites. This observation is consistent with the Fe isotopic evolution model during differentiation of lunar magma ocean . Furthermore, the Fe isotopic ratio of the very low-Ti basalt is indistinguishable from that of the Earth’s mantle, thus, the bulk silicate Earth and Moon are considered to possess an identical or very close Fe isotopic composition.
References:  Poitrasson et al. (2009), EPSL, 223, 253-266.  Liu et al. (2010), GCA, 74, 6249-6262.  Sossi and Moynier (2017), EPSL, 471, 125-135.  Wang et al. (2015), EPSL, 430, 202-208.  Wiesli et al. (2003), EPSL, 216, 457-465.  Moynier et al. (2006), GCA, 70, 6103-6117.  Wang et al. (2012), EPSL, 337-338, 17-24.