Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[J] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT48] Frontiers in Geochemistry

Sun. May 26, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 201A (2F)

convener:Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, School of Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Hajime Obata(Marine inorganic chemistry division, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Hirochika Sumino, Hajime Obata(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama(Tokyo Institute of Technology)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[MTT48-11] Speciation of metal ions in hydrosphere: Further classification of intermediately hard ligands in HSAB theory

*Makoto Nagasawa1, Masato Tanaka1, Asami Miyaji2, Yoshio Takahashi1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.Hiroshima University)

Keywords:Speciation, HSAB theory, Quantum chemical calculation, Inner-sphere complex, Outer-sphere complex

Complexation of metal cations with oxygen donor ligands such as hydroxide ion, carbonate ion, phosphate ion, and carboxylate ion is one of the most important factors controlling their behaviors in hydrosphere. Turner (1981) classified these ligands as “intermediately hard ligands” in HSAB (hard and soft acids and bases) theory. However, we found that the reactivity of hydroxide ion greatly depends on cation’s ionic radius, which results in distinguishing this ligand from the other intermediately hard ligands. Taking divalent alkaline earth metal ions as an example, Mg2+ mainly precipitates as hydroxide (brucite), whereas Ca2+ prefers carbonate (calcite) or phosphate (apatite) to hydroxide, but quantitative discussion on the mechanism has not been performed.

In this study, we evaluated the standard Gibbs free energy change of reaction (ΔG0R = ΔH0R - TΔS0R) on the complexation of hydrated metal cations with above ligands, based on thermodynamic data. The results revealed that the entropic contribution to the stabilization was large for hydroxide complexes of smaller cations. Since the entropy in aqueous complexation reaction is controlled by the number of water molecules released to the solution possibly due to replacement of the water molecules by inner-sphere complexation, it is suggested that hydroxide complexes of larger cations are less stable due to the small effect of the dehydration.

In order to support this suggestion, we conducted quantum chemical calculation, using Gaussian 09. The distance between hydrated metal cation (M) and oxygen of ligand (O) was calculated for several ions. The results showed that the average M-O distance of hydroxide complex increased with the increase of cation’s ionic radius more remarkably than that of the other complexes such as carbonate ion. This means that hydroxide favors to form outer-sphere complex for larger cations, which is consistent with our suggestion based on the thermodynamic data.