4:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[MTT48-11] Speciation of metal ions in hydrosphere: Further classification of intermediately hard ligands in HSAB theory
Keywords:Speciation, HSAB theory, Quantum chemical calculation, Inner-sphere complex, Outer-sphere complex
In this study, we evaluated the standard Gibbs free energy change of reaction (ΔG0R = ΔH0R - TΔS0R) on the complexation of hydrated metal cations with above ligands, based on thermodynamic data. The results revealed that the entropic contribution to the stabilization was large for hydroxide complexes of smaller cations. Since the entropy in aqueous complexation reaction is controlled by the number of water molecules released to the solution possibly due to replacement of the water molecules by inner-sphere complexation, it is suggested that hydroxide complexes of larger cations are less stable due to the small effect of the dehydration.
In order to support this suggestion, we conducted quantum chemical calculation, using Gaussian 09. The distance between hydrated metal cation (M) and oxygen of ligand (O) was calculated for several ions. The results showed that the average M-O distance of hydroxide complex increased with the increase of cation’s ionic radius more remarkably than that of the other complexes such as carbonate ion. This means that hydroxide favors to form outer-sphere complex for larger cations, which is consistent with our suggestion based on the thermodynamic data.