9:20 AM - 9:35 AM
[PCG21-02] Development of a Neutral Particle TOF-MS for Future Solar System Explorations
Keywords:Solar System Exploration, Mass Spectromete
Mass spectrometers on planetary explorers must be compact and lightweight, but mass spectrometers that have both the compactness and high mass resolution have not been developed yet. Therefore, we are developing a compact and moderately high mass resolution TOF-MS (Time-Of-Flight Mass Spectrometer) for measuring neutral particles on the moon and planets.
TOF-MS accelerates ions with an electric field. The accelerated ions fly at a fixed distance and the mass information is obtained from their flight time. In general, the flight path of ions must be long for realizing high mass resolution. In order to increase flight distance without enlarging equipment, a reflectron type TOF- MS, which reflects ions by electric field is adopted. Since the ion trajectory is dispersed as the ion flight distance increases, the detection efficiency decreases when the number of reflection increases. Therefore, our new reflectron type TOF-MS is equipped with a triple reflection mode with high mass resolution and a single reflection mode with high sensitivity. These measurement modes can be switched electrically depending on the observation targets. Simulation results show that the mass resolution is 360 in the triple reflection mode and 180 in the single reflection mode. Currently, we are manufacturing a test model whose size and potential are optimized.
In this presentation we will report the design of our new reflectron type TOF-MS that is optimized by analytical calculation and numerical simulation.