Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-CG Complex & General

[P-CG21] Future Missions and instrumentation for space and planetary science

Sun. May 26, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A01 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Mitsunori Ozaki(Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Satoshi Kasahara(The university of Tokyo), Shingo Kameda(School of Science, Rikkyo University), Kazuo Yoshioka(Graduate School of frontier Science, The University of Tokyo), Chairperson:Satoshi Kasahara , Mitsunori Ozaki(Kanazawa University)

10:45 AM - 11:05 AM

[PCG21-06] Satellite mission: PhoENiX (Physics of Energetic and Non-thermal plasmas in the X (= magnetic reconnection) region)

★Invited Papers

*Noriyuki Narukage1, Mitsuo Oka2, Yasushi Fukazawa3, Keiichi Matsuzaki4, Shin Watanabe4, Taro Sakao4, Sin-nosuke Ishikawa5, Kouichi Hagino6, Ikuyuki Mitsuishi5, Tsunefumi Mizuno3, Iku Shinohara4, Masumi Shimojo1, Shinsuke Takasao5, Hiroshi Tanabe7, Munetaka UENO8, Tadayuki Takahashi9, Takeshi Takashima4, Masayuki Ohta4 (1.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2.Space Sciences Laboratory, The University of California, Berkeley, 3.Hiroshima University, 4.Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 5.Nagoya University, 6.Tokyo University of Science, 7.The University of Tokyo, 8.Kobe University, 9.Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe)

Keywords:PhoENiX, Particle Acceleration, Magnetic Reconnection, Solar Flare, X-rays, Imaging Spectroscopy

We are planning a new solar satellite mission, "PhoENiX", for understanding of particle acceleration during magnetic reconnection, which are ubiquitous features exhibited by a wide range of plasmas in the universe. The main observation targets of this mission are solar flares, which are generated by magnetic reconnection and accelerate plasma particles. The sun is a unique target in the sense that it can be investigated in great detail with good spatial, temporal and energy resolutions.
The scientific objectives of this mission are (1) to identify particle acceleration sites, (2) to investigate temporal evolution of particle acceleration, and (3) to characterize properties of accelerated particles, during solar flares. In order to achieve these science objectives, the PhoENiX satellite is planned to be equipped with three instruments of (1) Photon-counting type focusing-imaging spectrometer in soft X-rays (up to ~10 keV) to observe the contexts of particle accelerations (e.g., shocks, plasmoids, flows, etc.), (2) Photon-counting type focusing-imaging spectrometer in hard X-rays (up to ~30 keV) to identify the accelerated particles, and (3) Spectropolarimeter in soft gamma-rays (spectroscopy is available in the energy range of from > 20 keV to < 600 keV; spectropolarimetry is available from > 60 keV to < 600 keV) to detect the anisotropy of accelerated particles. We plan to realize PhoENiX satellite mission around next solar maximum (around 2025).
The basic developments of key technologies for these instruments have been completed. The soft X-ray imaging spectroscopy is planned to be realized with the combination of high-precision glass-polished X-ray mirrors and high-speed CMOS cameras. The hard X-ray imaging spectroscopy consists of high-precision electroforming X-ray mirrors and CdTe cameras. The soft gamma-ray spectropolarimeter is a redesigned instrument of Hitomi / Soft Gamma-ray Detector (SGD) that has Compton cameras with active shields. Some of these technologies required for the X-ray imaging spectroscopy have been demonstrated by FOXSI sounding rocket series launched in 2012, 2014 and 2018. The FOXSI successfully obtained the focusing imaging spectroscopic data of the solar corona in X-rays (from ~0.5 keV to ~15 keV).
In this presentation, we explain the details of science goal and objectives, and instruments of PhoENiX mission.