Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-CG Complex & General

[P-CG22] Shock responses of planetary materials elucidated from meteorites and dynamic compression experiments

Tue. May 28, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Toshimori Sekine(Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research), Takuo Okuchi(Institute for Planetary Materials, Okayama University)

[PCG22-P11] Shock recovery of high-pressure phase of SiO2 using high-power laser

*Tadashi Kondo1, Hiromoto Kengo1, Tatsuhiro Sakaiya1, Hidenori Terasaki1, Keisuke Shigemori2, Youichiro Hironaka2 (1.Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science Osaka University, 2.Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University)

Keywords:shocked quartz, high-intensity laser, recovery experiments

High-pressure phases in meteorites provide us the important information of shock history in natural materials. Experimental approach to reproduce such high-pressure phase have been studied intensively mainly by light-gas gun so far, though shock condition with impact velocity beyond 10km/s is difficult. Recent technical progress of high-intensity laser as a tool of shock experiment realize the recovery of samples with shock condition above 10km/s(Nagaki et al.,2016). However, the limited shock duration time of about 10 nsec has been too short to drive structural conversion to high-pressure form in single crystal sample. In this study, we explored recovery condition of high-pressure phase of SiO2 using finely ground samples of quartz, cristobalite and fused silica as starting materials. Laser shock experiments were performed using GXII hyper laser at Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University. The whole sample retaining relative locations in the recovered box made of aluminum was quenched without significant scattering in each run. The sectioned sample at shocked center were examined by optical microscope, micro-focused X-ray diffraction and SEM-EDS. We will report the characteristic feature of top portion of sample, which shows layered structure with different metamorphism, and distribution of grass and stishovite phase found in the samples shocked above 100GPa, which have still a residual stress to 10GPa in the ambient condition. We will discuss the dependence of the initial state of crystal to recover the high-pressure phase in shocked samples in nsec.