Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM09] Vertical coupling in the atmosphere and Ionosphere

Wed. May 29, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A03 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University), Yuichi Otsuka(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Chairperson:Patrick Espy(Norwegian University of Science and Technology), Astrid Maute(National Center for Atmospheric Research, US)

2:05 PM - 2:20 PM

[PEM09-02] Vertical structure of terdiurnal tides in the Antarctic MLT region: 15 years observation over Syowa

*Huixin Liu1, Masaki Tsutsumi2, Hanli Liu3 (1.Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University, Japan, 2.National Institute for Polar Research, Japan, 3.National Center for Atmospheric Research, US)

Keywords:Terdiurnal tide, Antarctica, vertical coupling

The terdiurnal tide (TDT) in the Antarctica mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region is poorly known. In this study, we examine its characteristics using long-term neutral wind observations at Syowa (69S, 39E) between January 2004 and July 2018. The analysis reveals TDT being a significant tidal component in the Antarctica with distinct vertical structures and seasonal evolution. (1) It shows a prominent height-dependent seasonal variation, being in opposite phase above and below 94 km altitude, with peak amplitude in June – July at altitudes below 94 km, but in November – December above it. (2) The zonal wind component is 90 phase shifted from the meridional, with its amplitude of comparable or larger values than the meridional in all seasons except for November – December. (3) The vertical wavelength is shortest (50 – 65 km) in local summer (Nov.–Jan.) and longes (80 – 110 km) in local winter (Jun.–Aug.). Most of these features differ from those reported in the Arctic, indicating hemispheric asymmetry. Furthermore, the phase structure reveals a dominant upward propagating mode in local summer, but superposition of more than one mode in other seasons. Especially in local winter, a downward propagating mode above 95 km suggests Joule heating/ion drag as likely tidal sources from above, in addition to those from lower atmosphere. The nearly 15 years Syowa observations provide new constrains and benchmark for model simulations that seek to understan terdiurnal tidal forcing mechanisms in polar regions.