Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM09] Vertical coupling in the atmosphere and Ionosphere

Wed. May 29, 2019 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall8, Makuhari Messe)

convener:Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University), Yuichi Otsuka(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

[PEM09-P14] The statistical study of the growth rates of Medium-Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances observed with GPS-TEC

*Takafumi Ikeda1, Akinori Saito1, Takuya Tsugawa2, Hiroyuki Shinagawa2 (1.Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.National Institutes of Information and Communications Technology)

Keywords:MSTID, GPS-TEC, Ionosphere

We think two mechanism, E-F coupling and Perkins Instability, will relate to growth for nighttime-MSTID in mid-latitude [Tsunoda and Cosgrove., 2001 ; Perkins., 1973]. Linear growth rate of perturbation intensity of Pedersen conductivity expected from E-F coupling is around 15 minutes [Yokoyama et al., 2009], which is far shorter than one expected from Perkins Instability [Fukao and Kelley, 1991 ; Miller et al., 1997 ; Shiokawa et al., 2003]. However, Es layer’s spatial and temporal scale is less than 100km and 15min [Maeda et al., 2013 ; S.Saito et al., 2007]. They are different from MSTID’s ones, which are 200-400 km and around 2hours [Otsuka et al., 2011]. To decide which instability is responsible for growth of nighttime MSTID, the growth rate of MSTID was observationally determined with ground-based GPS network data.

We statistically investigated the growth rate of nighttime-MSTID in Japan in 2014 observed with GPS-TEC. The growth rate of nighttime -MSTID observed was 1.0 - 6.0 × 10-4 s-1 during 1800LT-2400LT in summer.Linear growth rate of Perkins instability in summer was 1.0 - 6.0 × 10-4 s-1 during 1800LT - 2400LT, so they were less than one of the E-F coupling instability. Also,Seasonal distribution of observed growth rate before midnight was similar to that of linear growth rate.U×B derived by GAIA model was high in spring - summer and seasonal distribution of U×B was similar to that of linear growth rate. Therefore, the growth of MSTID when propagating is not determined by E-F coupling instability but Perkins instability and neutral wind.