[PEM10-P01] Atmospheric responses in both hemispheres to relativistic electron precipitation
Keywords:Polar Mesosphere Winter Echoes, Arase satellite, PANSY radar, MAARSY radar, relativistic electron precipitation, magnetospheric plasma waves
The observational results are summarized as follows. (1) EMIC waves and whistler-mode chorus waves were observed by Arase near the equatorial magnetosphere during 02:30-04:45 UT and 04:45-07:00 UT, respectively. (2) PMWE were detected with both the MAARSY radar at Andøya (AND; 69.30N, 16.04E), Norway, and the PANSY radar at SYO, Antarctica, during 04:45-07:00 UT, which was the recovery phase of an isolated substorm. We believe this is the first time PMWE have been observed in both hemispheres at exactly the same time. (3) During 04:45-07:00 UT, the temporal variation of the chorus wave power was similar to those of the PMWE power in the both hemispheres. (4) The PMWE observed at SYO during 03:00-04:00 UT before the substorm onset was consistent with the occurrence of the EMIC waves. The item (2) shows direct evidence that chorus waves during the substorm recovery phase cause REP. We estimated the resonance energy of electrons interacting with the observed LBC waves, however, the estimated energy was too low to cause PMWE at an altitude lower than 70 km. However, we found that the resonance energy becomes greater than 1 MeV, if LBC waves propagate to the magnetic latitude greater than 30 degrees and resonate with energetic electrons there. As for item (4), the PMWE observed at SYO during 03:00-04:00 can be related to wave-particle interaction with EMIC waves, which may be generated inside the plasmapause by ring-current hot ions with temperature anisotropy. This anisotropy was caused by magnetospheric compression due to increasing solar wind dynamic pressure during 01:00–06:00 UT just after the arrival of the CIR. Since CIRs are main sources of geomagnetic disturbances during the declining phase of the solar cycle and solar minimum, this event is not rare but rather a common atmospheric response caused by interaction between recurrent large-scale solar wind structures and geospace.