Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM11] Dynamics of Magnetosphere and Ionosphere

Wed. May 29, 2019 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A04 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Aoi Nakamizo(Applied Electromagnetic Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Mitsunori Ozaki(Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Akiko Fujimoto(Kyushu Institute of Technology), Tomoaki Hori(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Chairperson:Hiroshi Hasegawa(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA)

4:00 PM - 4:15 PM

[PEM11-03] Quasi-persistent multiple mesoscale field-aligned currents in the duskside auroral oval

*Yoshihiro Yokoyama1, Satoshi Taguchi1, Toshihiko Iyemori2, Keisuke Hosokawa3 (1.Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Kyoto University, 3.Department of Communication Engineering and Informatics, University of Electro-Communications)

Keywords:Field-aligned current, Postnoon aurora, Swarm satellites

Within a large-scale field-aligned current, whose latitudinal width is a few hundred kilometers in the ionosphere, smaller-scale current structures are often embedded. Previous studies have shown that a mesoscale upward field-aligned current with widths of order 10 km generally agree with auroral arcs. However, we still do not understand how this relation forms. In this study, using multispacecraft Swarm data and aurora data from a ground-based all-sky imager at Longyearbyen, Svalbard, we have examined mesoscale features of the field-aligned current and auroral arcs in the duskside auroral oval. We focused on the situation when the large-scale Region 1 current diminishes so that mesoscale features can stand out. Through the cross-correlation analysis of the magnetic perturbations observed by Swarm A and Swarm C, we took events in which the observed magnetic perturbations represent the spatial structure of multiple pairs of upward/downward mesoscale field-aligned currents, not Alfven wave. Conjugate observations between Swarm satellites and the all-sky imager have shown that auroral arcs actually occur in the region of the upward field-aligned current. The result of the analysis of the all-sky image data obtained before and after the conjunction event has shown that the auroral arcs have quasi-persistent features, and also indicated when the auroral arcs appear and disappear. From these results, we discuss how the mesoscale field-aligned current can form.