Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2019

Presentation information

[E] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM11] Dynamics of Magnetosphere and Ionosphere

Thu. May 30, 2019 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A04 (TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI HALL)

convener:Aoi Nakamizo(Applied Electromagnetic Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Mitsunori Ozaki(Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Akiko Fujimoto(Kyushu Institute of Technology), Tomoaki Hori(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Chairperson:Naritoshi Kitamura(東京大学大学院理学系研究科), Yuka Sato(日本工業大学)

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[PEM11-22] Statistical study of auroral/resonant-scattering 427.8-nm emission observed at subauroral latitudes over 14 years

*Kazuo Shiokawa1, Yuichi Otsuka1, Martin Connors2 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.Athabasca University)

Keywords:427.8 nm emission, resonant scattering of sunlight, purple aurora

Auroral emission at 427.8-nm from N2+ ions is caused by precipitation of energetic electrons, or by resonant scattering of sunlight at high altitudes by N2+ ions. The latter often causes impressive purple aurora at high altitudes. However, statistical characteristics of auroral 427.8-nm emission have not well been understood. In this paper we report occurrence characteristics of high 427.8-nm emission intensities (more than 100 R) at subauroral latitudes, based on measurements by a filter-tilting photometer over 14 years (2005-2018) at Athabasca, Canada (magnetic latitude: ~62o). We divided the dataset into the elevation angles (θs) of the sun more than and less than -24o (shadow height of sunlight: 600 km) to separate the 427.8-nm emissions caused by resonant scattering of sunlight and those excited by auroral electrons, respectively. The occurrence rate of 427.8-nm emissions of more than 100 R is 10.6 % and 7.65 % for θs more than and less than -24o, respectively. The occurrence rate is high in the post-midnight sector, and increases with increasing geomagnetic activity, solar-wind speed, and density. The occurrence rate is highest in summer. A high occurrence rate was also observed in 2015-2018, from the maximum to the declining phase of the 11-year solar activity. Superposed epoch analysis indicates that the 427.8-nm emission exceeds 100 R when solar wind speed increases and solar wind density concurrently decreases, suggesting that the solar wind structures typically observed at the arrival of corotating interaction regions (CIR) can be responsible for the high 427.8-nm emission.